IMPROVING OF EFL LEARNERS’ SPEAKING PROFICIENCY THROUGH SPEAKING ACTIVITIES INSIDE AND OUTSIDE THE CLASSROOM: A THEORETICAL REVIEW

Syarifuddin Syarifuddin

Abstract


In an attempt to improve the learners’ speaking proficiency in EFL, the demand to teach speaking English is increasing more and more in all levels of education in Indonesia. Many kinds of strategies are applied in teaching and learning process of speaking in order to enable the leaners to perform the microskills and macroskills  of communication. The widely accepted instructional method in EFL is Communicative Language Teaching which emphasizes  that the goal of  language learning is to increase learners’ communicative competence. The competence  includes   grammatical competence,  discourse competence, sociolinguistic competence, and strategic competence as the undrelying abilities of speaking proficiency. Therefore,  it is the main purpose of this paper to depict the way in which teaching speaking  should encourage  learners to engage  in appropriate speaking  activities both inside and outside the classroom  to gain communicative competence.  Classroom learning is one way to practice and learn speaking, but multitudes of opportunities for learning and practicing speaking exist outside the classroom in English context.  So, the learners need  to be encouraged to develop speaking habit and use it in real life communication.


Keywords


Teaching Speaking, Communicative Competence, Speaking Proficiency.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18592/let.v2i2.1375

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