Enhancing Students – Pre Service Teacher Interaction Using First Language (L1) in English for Young Learners (EYL) Classes


  • Rina Wahyu Setyaningrum Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang
  • Kharisma Naidi Warnanda Sabgini Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang
  • Slamet Setiawan Universitas Negeri Surabaya




L1 instruction, students, pre-service teacher, interaction, EYL


For any different objectives of teaching EYL at primary schools in Indonesia, qualified EYL teachers are urgently needed. Pre-service teaching program is expected to provide experience of using proper English language in classroom setting. This case study aimed at describing the first language (L1) instruction used by the pre-service teachers of English for Young Learners (EYL) at the Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang (UMM). The findings depicted that L1 was used as a language of instruction to explain the materials and to clarify the instruction given in L2. It is recommended for the pre-service teachers of EYL to use L2 with demonstration, L2 Context Clues, and L1 translation. Ultimately, the use of L1 in L2 teaching is mandatory to communicate the topic and enhance the students - pre-service teacher interactions. As for meeting the purpose of interaction, the use of L1 should involve actional, conversational, and non-verbal competences. In the long run, the impact of L1 in L2 learning in earlier levels can be recognized from good interpersonal communication in English.

Author Biographies

Rina Wahyu Setyaningrum, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang

Rina Wahyu Setyaningrum is a teaching staff of English Language Education Department at Faculty of Teacher Training and Education - Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang - Indonesia. She earned her Bachelor's degree in English Education and Master's degree in Bilingual Education. Her research interest is Teaching English to Young Learners (TEYL).

Kharisma Naidi Warnanda Sabgini, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang

Kharisma Naidi Warnanda Sabgini was born in Pamekasan, on June 28, 1986. She graduated from English Education - Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang for her Bachelor's degree and Education Policy for her Master’s degree. Nowadays, she is teaching at English Language Education Department – Universtas Muhammadiyah Malang. She has interest in Teaching English for Young Learners.

Slamet Setiawan, Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Slamet Setiawan is a senior lecturer of Graduate School of  Universitas Negeri Surabaya. He earned his Master's degree in Linguistics from University of Auckland, and his Ph.D in the same field from University of Western Australia. His research topics are related to Linguistics and Apllied Linguistics such as bilingualism and L1 maintenance.


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How to Cite

Setyaningrum, R. W., Sabgini, K. N. W., & Setiawan, S. (2020). Enhancing Students – Pre Service Teacher Interaction Using First Language (L1) in English for Young Learners (EYL) Classes. LET: Linguistics, Literature and English Teaching Journal, 10(1), 1–22. https://doi.org/10.18592/let.v10i1.3588