GENEALOGI ALIRAN SYIAH

Asmaran As Asmaran As

Abstract


This paper intends to address the emerging of Shiite genealogy in the history of Islamic thought. There are some
question that needs to be asked: What is the Shiite? Furthermore, what is the background of the rise of the Shiite?
As for the writer, Shiite is a group of Muslims who believe that the successor (khalifa) on leadership (Imamate) both
in the field of religion and politics after the Prophets death was Ali bin Abi Talib, cousin of Prophet Muhammad
and his descendants were called Ahli bayt. There are several theories about the background of Shiite. Some said it is
caused by the privilege of Ali in comparating with the other prophets companion. Some said it is caused by the
influence of non islamic cultural and religious teachings such as Persian and Jews. Some said it is caused by the
political conflicts in the Islamic community after the death of the Prophet. For the Shiites themselves believe that the
question of replacement of the Prophet, that Ali bin Abi Talib, has got the legitimacy of both the Quran and
Hadith.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18592/jiu.v13i2.729

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