PEMIKIRAN TASAWUF KH. MOCHJAR DAHRI DALAM KITAB MURSYID AL-‘IBȂD ILȂ SABȊL AR-RASYȂD DAN ȂTSȂR AT-TASHAWWUF FȊ HAYȂT AL-MUSLIM

Alamsyah Alamsyah, Irfan Noor, Dzikri Nirwana

Abstract


Purification movements usually tend to reject outright to Sufism, but KH. Mochjar Dahri as the purifier actually appreciated and accepted Sufism as part of Islamic teaching, although many Sufism teachings did not appropriate in the Qur'an and as-Sunnah which he criticized and renewed. Therefore, it is necessary to be studied deeper on his Sufism thoughts. This research aims to study the sufism thought of KH. Mochjar Dahri in the Mursyid al-‘Ibȃd ilȃ Sabȋl ar-Rasyâd and Ȃtsȃr at-Tashawwuf fȋ Hayȃt al-Muslim. This type of research is a study of figure thought. The data are collected through literature and field study. As a result: 1) KH. Mochjar Dahri’s thought related to sufism showed in Mursyid al-‘Ibȃd ilȃ Sabȋl ar-Rasyâd is about al-aqabât which includes taubah, tauhid, dzikir, sabar, syukur, tawakkal, ridhâ, and mahabbah. KH. Mochjar Dahri in his work used the term al-aqabât, whereas Sufi scholars usually use the term al-maqâmât, but the term al-aqabât mentioned above seems to have similarities, even though it has differences in the term of al-maqâm. The Sufism thoughts of KH. Mochjar Dahri in the Ȃtsȃr at-Tashawwuf fȋ Hayât al-Muslim was divided into two typologies of Sufism, namely true Sufism (at-tashawwuf ash-shahîh) and deviant Sufism (at-tashawwuf al-mukhti`). Sufism according to him is the practice of shari’ah physically and mentally on the foundation of the Qur’an and as-Sunnah maximally and optimally. The practice of the Five Pillars of Islam and the Five Pillars of Faith are applied in the form of al-ihsân, which is called Sufism, and 2) The pattern of KH. Mochjar Dahri’s sufism in the Mursyid al-‘Ibȃd ilȃ Sabȋl ar-Rasyâd is akhlâqî/amalî. The pattern of KH. Mochjar Dahris sufism in the Ȃtsȃr at-Tashawwuf fȋ Hayât al-Muslim is a neo-sufism that emphasizes purity and activist characteristics.


Keywords


Sufism thought, KH. Mochjar Dahri, Pattern, Neo-Sufism

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullah, Hawash. Perkembangan Ilmu Tasawuf dan Tokoh-tokohnya di Nusantara. Surabaya: al-Ikhlas, t.th.

Abidin, Muhammad Zainal, Muhammad Rusydi, dan Wardatun Nadhirah. Dinamika Kajian Tasawuf di Kalimantan Selatan: Survei Bibliografi. Banjarmasin: DIPA UIN Antasari, 2015.

Ahmad. Pengajian Tasawuf Sirr di Kalimantan Selatan. Banjarmasin: IAIN Antasari Press, 2014.

Akbarizan. Tasawuf Integratif: Pemikiran dan Ajaran Tasawuf di Indonesia. Pekanbaru: Suska Press, 2008.

Amin, Samsul Munir. Ilmu Tasawuf. Jakarta: Penerbit Amzah, 2015.

Andi, Savria. Diktat Ilmu Tasawuf. Medan: Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Studi Islam, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Sumatera Utara, 2019.

Anwar, Rosihon. Akhlak Tasawuf. Bandung: CV. Pustaka Setia, 2010.

Asmaran As. Teori Makrifah al-Ghazâlî Sebuah Karakteristik Epistemologi Islam. Banjarmasin: Antasari Press, 2013.

Azra, Azyumardi. Jaringan Ulama Timur Tengah dan Kepulauan Nusantara Abad XVII dan XVIII. Bandung: PT. Mizan, 1995.

Baldick, Julian. Islam Mistik: Mengantar Anda ke Dunia Tasawuf, terj. Satrio Wahono. Jakarta: Serambi, 2002.

Bâsyûnî, Ibrâhîm. Nasy’at at-Tashawwuf fî al-Islâm. Kairo: Dâr al-Fikr, 1969.

Dahri, Mochjar. Ȃtsȃr at-Tashawwuf fȋ Hayȃt al-Muslim. Kandangan: PP. Ibnu Mas’ud, 1433 H./2012 M.

---------. Mursyid al-‘Ibȃd ilȃ Sabȋl ar-Rasyȃd. Kandangan: PP Ibnu Mas’ud, t.th.

Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, Edisi Ketiga. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka, 2005.

adz-Dzahabî, Muhammad Husain. At-Tafsîr wa al-Mufassirûn. t.h: Maktabah Mush’ab ibn ‘Umair al-Islamiyyah, 2004.

al-Farmâwî, ‘Abd al-Hayy. Al-Bidâyah fi at-Tafsîr al-Maudhû'î. Mesir: Mathba’at al-Hadhârat al-‘Arabiyyah, 1977.

al-Ghazâlî, Abû Hâmid Muhammad ibn Muhammad. Minhâj al-‘Âbidîn. t.t: al-Haramain, t.th.

Hakim, Abdul. “Pemikiran Tasawuf Fazlur Rahman”. Tesis tidak diterbitkan, Prodi Akhlak Tasawuf, Program Pascasarjana, IAIN Antasari, Banjarmasin, 2005.

¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬Hamka. Tasawuf Modern. Jakarta: Republika Penerbit, 2015.

---------. Tasawuf dan Perkembangannya. Jakarta: Pustaka Panjimas, 1993.

Khairuddin, Akhmad et al., eds. Perkembangan Pemikiran Tasawuf di Kalimantan Selatan. Banjarmasin: Antasari Press, 2014.

Khoiri, Alwan dan Tulus Musthofa. Akhlak/Tasawuf. Yogyakarta: Pokja Akademik UIN Sunan Kalijaga, 2005.

Masyar, Ali. “Tasawuf: Sejarah, Madzhab, dan Inti Ajarannya.” al-A’râf Jurnal Pemikiran Islam dan Filsafat, Vol. XII, No. 1. Surakarta: Jurusan Tafsir Hadis dan Akidah Filsafat Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Dakwah IAIN Surakarta, 2015.

Mujiburrahman. “Tasawuf di Masyarakat Banjar Kesinambungan dan Perubahan Tradisi Keagamaan.” Jurnal Kanz Philoshopia, Vol. 3, No. 2, 2013.

Rahmadi, M. Husaini Abbas, dan Abd. Wahid. Islam Banjar; Dinamika dan Tipologi Pemikiran Tauhid, Fiqih dan Tasawuf. Banjarmasin: Antasari Press, 2012.

Rahman, Fazlur. Islam, terj. Ahsin Mohammad. Bandung: Pustaka, 2010.

Shiddîq, ‘Abd ar-Rahmân. Risâlah ‘Amal Ma’rifah. Martapura: Toko Buku Mutiara, t.th.

Shihab, M. Quraish. Logika Agama. Tangerang: Lentera Hati, 2017.

as-Suhrawardî, Syihâb ad-Dîn Abû Hafs ‘Umar. ‘Awârif al-Ma’ârif. Kairo: Maktabah al-‘Alamiyah, 1939.

Siregar, A. Rivay. Tasawuf dari Sufisme Klasik ke Neo-Sufisme. Jakarta: PT. RajaGrafindo, 2002.

Sulaiman “Potret Neo-Sufisme di Kalimantan Tengah (Studi tentang Penilaian KH. Haderani H.N.).” Analisa Journal of Social Science and Religion, Vol. 22, No. 02. Semarang: Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Humaniora Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Walisongo, 2015.

Syarifudin. “Neo-Sufisme dan Problematika Modernitas; Telaah Pemikiran Sayyed Hossein Nashr”. Tesis tidak tidak diterbitkan, UIN Sunan Kalijaga, Yogyakarta, 2004.

Tim MUI Kalsel dan Tim LP2M UIN Antasari Banjarmasin. Ulama Banjar dari Masa ke Masa, Edisi Revisi. Banjarmasin: Antasari Press, 2018.

Tim Penyusun. Pengantar Ilmu Tasawuf. Medan: Proyek Pembinaan Perguruan Tinggi Agama Institut Agama Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara, 1982.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18592/jiiu.v20i2.5646

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Ushuluddin

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Ushuluddin published by :

Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Humaniora Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Antasari

Jl. A. Yani Km, 4,5 Banjarmasin Kalimantan Selatan 70235 Phone (0511) 3266593 - Email: [email protected]

Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Ushuluddin indexed by :

 

Creative Commons License
Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Ushuluddin (p-ISSN: 1412-5188 / e-ISSN: 2549-3752 licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.