A NOVEL 5 TITIK 1 KOMA BY MUHAMMAD KAMAL IHSAN ON PERSPECTIVE AL-GHAZALI’S SUFISM

Khairatun Nisa

Abstract


Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the novel 5 Titik 1 Koma by Muhammad Kamal Ihsan contains aspects of akhlaki and amali sufism that are in line with Sufism Al-Ghazali's thinking, especially in the stages (maqâmat) and conditions (ahwâl) by which a person sâlik. However, there are differences in the formulation of elements of happiness that must be possessed, even though basically they are interconnected in their implementation.

This novel tells the story of the struggle of a mute woman who is studying in Egypt named Zaritsa through the main character named Ihsan. Zaritsa 's determination has provided extraordinary experiences for other characters in this novel, so that they become better people and are more grateful to God for all the pleasures they feel. In addition to containing stories, this novel also contains an explanation of five points and one comma itself, namely gratitude, patience, confidence, sincerity, honesty, and love.

The Sufism aspect contained in this novel which is also explained by Al-Ghazali in the form of maqamat is a spiritual level that must be attained by a sâlik and ahwal, namely the mental condition of a salik. Maqâmât and ahwâl contained include: Repentance, patience and gratitude, zuhud, tawakkal, mahabbah (love), sincerity, and honesty. Everything is in accordance with what was mentioned by Al-Ghazali, but there are differences in the use of terms such as the use of sincerity in the face of all the tests that Al-Ghazali called ridha.

In addition to Maqamat and Ahwal, this novel also contains the formulation of happiness that will be achieved by Jiaka humans to have gratitude, patience, confidence, sincerity, honesty, and love. The formulation of happiness is in line with Al-Ghazali's view, but Al-Ghazali uses a different language, namely knowing oneself, knowing God, knowing the world, and knowing the hereafter. By recognizing these four things, then someone will surely be grateful, patient, confident, sincere, honest, and love as mentioned by the novelist.

The suggestions conveyed based on this research are novel writers, especially Islamic novels to better popularize Sufism values, given the large number of people interested in reading novels compared to reading religious books directly. Researchers are expected to enrich their studies with other methods of literary research, so as to add to the treasures for research in literature, in the form of novels, films, poems, short videos, poems, songs and so on.


Keywords


novel;perspective;al-ghazali

Full Text:

PDF

References


Al-Ghazali, Abû Hamîd.Ihyâ ‘Ulum Al-Din.Vol. 1. Beirut: Dâr al-Kutûb al-‘Ilmiyah, 2015.

_______.Ihya ‘Ulum Al-Din.Vol. 2. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyah, 2015.

_______. Ihya ‘Ulum Al-Din.Vol. 3. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyah, 2015.

_______. Ihya ‘Ulum Al-Din.Vol. 4. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyah, 2015.

_______. Ihya ‘Ulum-id-din. Vol. IV. terj. Fazl al-Karim. Pakistan: Darul Ishaat, 1993.

_______. Terjemah Ihya ‘Ulumiddin. Jil. VII. terj. Moh Zufri, dkk. Semarang: Asy-Syifa’ Press, 2009.

_______. Terjemah Ihya ‘Ulumiddin. Jil. VIII. terj. Moh Zufri, dkk. Semarang: Asy-Syifa’ Press, 2009.

_______. Terjemah Ihya ‘Ulumiddin. Jil. IX. terj. Moh Zufri, dkk. Semarang: Asy-Syifa’ Press, 2009.

_______. Arbain Al Ghazali, terj. M. Said Su’di. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Sufi, 2003.

_______. Kimiya Al-Sa’adah: Kimia Ruhani untuk Kebahagiaan Abadi, terj. Dedi Slamet Riyadi dan Fauzi Bahreisy. Jakarta: Zaman, t. th.

Asmaran. Pengantar Studi Tasawuf. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada, 1996.

_______. Teori Makrifah al-Ghazali: Sebuah Karakteristik Epistemologi Islam. Banjarmasin: IAIN Antasari Press, 2013.

Dewan Redaksi Ensiklopedi Islam.Ensiklopedi Islam. Jil. 2. Jakarta: PT Ikhtiar Baru van Hoeve, 2001.

_______.Ensiklopedi Islam. Jil. 5. Jakarta: PT Ikhtiar Baru van Hoeve, 2001.

Eriyanto. Analisis Isi: Pengantar Metodologi untuk Penelitian Ilmu Komunikasi dan Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial Lainnya. Jakarta: Prenadamedia Group, 2011.

Faridy, Heri MS dkk. Ed.Ensiklopedi Tasawuf. Bandung: Angkasa, 2008.

Haeri,Fadhlalla.The Element of Sufism, terj. Ibnu Burdah dan Shohifullah.Yogyakarya: PustakaPelajar, 2000.

HAMKA. Tasawuf Modern. Jakarta: Republika, 2015.

Ihsan, Muhammad Kamal.5 Titik 1 Koma. Bandung: CV. Rasi Terbit, 2018.

Isa, Abdul Qadir. Haqa’iq ‘an at-Tashawwuf. Aleppo: Dar al-‘Arifin, 2007.

JA, Denny. Bahagia itu Mudah dan Ilmiah. Depok: Kata Depan, 2017.

Mahayana,Maman S. Kitab Kritik Sastra. Jakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia, 2015.

Mahmud,Abdul Halim.Tasawuf di Dunia Islam. Bandung: Pustaka Setia, 2002.

Nasution, Muhammad Yasir. Manusia Menurut Al-Ghazali. Jakarta: Srigunting, 1996.

Nursisto, Ikhtisar Kesusastraan Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Adicita Karya Nusa, 2000.

Redaksi PM.Sastra Indonesia. Depok: Pustaka Makmur, 2012.

as-Sarraj,Abu Nashr.Al-Luma’.terj. Wasmukan dan Samson Rahman. Surabaya: Risalah Gusti, 2002.

Senali,Moh. Saifullah Al Aziz.Risalah Memahami Ilmu Tasawuf. Surabaya: Terbit Terang, 1998.

Shihab, M. Quraish. Yang Hilang dari Kita: Akhlak. Tangerang: PT. Lentera Hati, 2016.

Solikhin, Muhammad. Sufi Modern: Mewujudkan Kebahagiaan, Menghilangkan Keterasingan. Jakarta: PT Gramedia, 2013.

Sudardi, Bani. Sastra Sufistik: Internalisasi Ajaran-ajaran Sufi dalam Sastra Indonesia. Surakarta: Tiga Serangkai Pusataka Mandiri, 2003.

Sugiarto, Eko. Menyusun Proposal Penelitian Kualitatif Skripsi dan Tesis. Yogyakarta: Suaka Media, 2013.

Sukardi, Imam. Puncak Kebahagiaan Al-Farabi: Etape-etape Sufistik-Filosofis Meniti Revolusi Hidup. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2005.

Zaini, Ahmad. “PemikiranTasawuf Imam Al-Ghazali”, Esoterik: Jurnal Akhlak dan Tasawuf.Vol. 2 No. 1, 2016.

Zaprulkhan, Ilmu Tasawuf: Sebuah Kajian Tematik. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers, 2016.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18592/jiiu.v19i1.3455

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Ushuluddin

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Ushuluddin published by :

Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Humaniora Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Antasari

Jl. A. Yani Km, 4,5 Banjarmasin Kalimantan Selatan 70235 Phone (0511) 3266593 - Email: [email protected]

Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Ushuluddin indexed by :

 

Creative Commons License
Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Ushuluddin (p-ISSN: 1412-5188 / e-ISSN: 2549-3752 licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.