KONTRIBUSI IMAM AL-GHAZALI TERHADAP EKSISTENSI TASAWUF

Asmaran Asmaran

Abstract


In the first and second centuries of the Hijrah before the presence of Imam al-Ghazali, whose teachings of Sufism at that time were moral and practical, in the third and fourth centuries of Hijrah the teachings of Sufism developed towards philosophical understandings such as Ittihad and Hulul which are viewed by some scholars (theologians and fuqaha) have deviated from the teachings of Islam, as a result of which Sufism almost dies. In such a situation, in the fifth century AH, Imam al-Ghazali appeared to save him by trying to integrate between the teachings of Sufism with the teachings of fiqh and kalam, between fact and sharia, as can be seen in his book Ihya '' Ulum al-Din (Reviving the Sciences Religion), so he is often referred to as Hujjatul Islam (Defender of Islam) because of his efforts to harmonize the teachings of Islam in complete unity.


Keywords


Ittihad; Hulul; Integration Sufism with Sharia

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arberry, A.J., Sufism: An Account of the Mystics of Islam, Unwin Paperbacks, London, 1973.

Atjeh, Aboebakar, Pengantar Sejarah Sufi & Tasawuf, Ramadhani, Solo, 1984.

Fattâf, ‘Irfân ‘Abd al-Hamîd, Masy’ah al-Falsafah al-Sûfiyah wa Tatawwuruhâ, Maktabah al-Islâmî, Beirut, 1973.

Al-Ghazali, Ihyâ’ ‘Ulûm al-Dîn, Dar al-Fikr, Beirut, t.t.

________________, Minhâj al-‘Âbidîn, Mustafâ al-Bâbî al-Halabî wa Aulâdih, Cairo, 1337 H.

________________, al-Munqiz min al-Dalâl, Hakikat Kitabevi, Turkey, 1981.

________________, Tahâfut al-Falâsifah, Dâr al-Fikr, Mesir, t.t.

Gibb, H.A.R and J.H Kramers, Shorter Encyclopedia of Islam, E.J. Brill, Leiden, 1974.

Gibb, H.A.R., Modern Trends in Islam, Octagon Books, New York, 1978.

________________, Mohammedanism, Oxford University Press, New York, 1969.

Hamka, Tasauf: Perkembangan dan Pemurniannya, Pustaka Panjimas, Jakarta, 1984.

Hastings, James (Ed.), Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, vol. IX, Charles Scrobmer’s Son, New York, t.t.

Ibnu Khaldûn, al-Muqaddimah, Dâr al-Ma’ârif, Beirut, t.t.

Kalâbâzî, Abu Bakr Muhammad al-, al-Ta’arruf li MazhabAhl al-Tasawwuf, Maktabah al-Kulliyah al-Azhariyah, Cairo, 1969.

Macdonald, Duncan B., Development of Muslim Theology, Jurisprudence and Constitutional Theory, Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York, 1992.

Madkûr, Ibrahim, Fi al-Falsafah al-islâmiyah I, Dâr al-Ma’ârif, Mesir, 1967.

Mahmûd, ‘Abd Qâdir, al-Falsafah al-Sufiyah fi al-Islâm, Dâr al-Fikri al-‘Arabî, Cairo, t.t.

Nasution, Harun, Falsafah & Mistisisme dalam Islam, Bulan Bintang, Jakarta, 1973.

Nicholson, Reynold A., Fi al-Tasawwuf al-Islâmî wa Târîikhihi, diarabkan oleh Abû al-‘Alâ ‘Afîfî, Matba’ah Lajnah al-Ta’lif wa al-Tarjamah wa al-Nasyr, Cairo, 1969.

________________, The Mystics of Islam, Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, 1975.

________________, Studies in Islamic Mysticism, Cambridge University Press, London, 1921.

Qardawī, Yūsuf al-, al-Imām al-Ghazālī baina Mādihihi wa Nāqidihi, Dar al-Wafa’, Mesir, 1992.

Qusyairī, ‘Abd al-Karim al-, al-Risālah al-Qusyairiyah, Dar al-Kutub al-‘Arabiyah al-Kubrā, Cairo, t.t.

Rahman, Fazlur, Islam & Modernity: Transformation of an Inteleectual Tradition, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago & London, 1984.

________________, Islam, University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London, 1979.

Schimmel, Annemarie, Dimensi Mistik dalam Islam, Penerjemah Sapardi Djoko Damono, dkk.. Pustaka Firdaus, Jakarta, 1986.

Sharif, M.M. (Ed.), A History of Muslim Phhilosophy, Otto Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden, 1963.

Syarbasī, Ahmad al-, al-Ghazālī wa al-Tasawwuf al-Islāmī, Dār al-hilāl, Cairo, t.t.

Taftāzānī, Abū al-Wafā’ al-Ghanīmī, al-, Madkhal ilā al-Tasawwuf al-Islāmī, Dār al-Saqāfah li al-Tibā’ah wa al-Nasyr, Cairo, 1979.

Tūsī, Abū Nasr al-Sarrāj al-, al-Luma’, Dār al-Kutub al-Hadīsah, Cairo, 1960.

Watt. W. Montgomery, The Faith and Practice of Al-Ghazali, George Allen and Unwin Ltd., London, 1955.

________________, The Majesty That was Islam: The Islamic World 661-1100, Sidgwick & Jackson, London, 1974.

Zwemer, Samuel M., A Moslem Seeker after God, Fleming H. Revell Company, New York, 1920.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18592/al-banjari.v19i1.3818

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Al-Banjari : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Keislaman

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Al-Banjari Journal Indexed By :

 

Al-BANJARI : JURNAL ILMIAH ILMU-ILMU KEISLAMAN published by :

PASCASARJANA UNIVERSITAS ISLAM NEGERI (UIN) ANTASARI BANJARMASIN

Jl. A. Yani Km, 4,5 Banjarmasin Kalimantan Selatan 70235 Phone (0511) 3250801 - Email: [email protected]

 Social Media :
 

Creative Commons License
Al-Banjari : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Keislaman ISSN Printed (1412-9507) - ISSN Online (2527-6778) licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.