Memahami Narasi Kisah al-Quran dengan Narrative Criticism (Studi atas Kajian A.H. Johns)

Wardatun Nadhiroh


The Quran had various styles and modes in making up Gods word, one of which was the narrative one. There were many narrative verses in the Quran -including verses telling stories of His prophets- to which most of Muslim scholars unfortunately did not devote their attention. A.H. Johns, a professor of ANU, was one of a few scholars who focused his study on narrative criticism that was actually one of branches of literary criticism. Unlike historical criticism which tended to investigate the origins of a text and what lied behind it, literary criticism gave much attention to interpretive acts of a text itself. Using this method of interpretation, and relying on his belief that the Quran must be understood as a both a process and an event, Johns explored possible meanings the verses imply by making connection between the verse under discussion and other verses in the same pericope and in the whole Sura. Through this method of interpretation, Johns succeeded in discovering many novel meanings of narrative verses of the Quran not found out by using any other method. This work wanted to elaborate much on Johns study and showed some fortune and possibilities in using this method in understanding the meaning of the Quran, especially of its narrative verses.


Full Text:




Amal, Taufik Adnan, Rekonstruksi Sejarah al-Quran, Yogyakarta: FKBA, 2001.

Drewers, B.F. Penafsiran Naratif dalam Ekawarta No. 1 Edisi Januari-Februari 1996.

Fina, Lien Iffah Nafatu, Pre-Canonical Reading of the Quran (Studi atas Metode Angelika Neuwirth dalam Analisis Teks al-Quran berbasis Surat dan Intertekstualitas), Tesis, Pascasarjana UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta, 2011.

Hanafi, A., Segi-segi Kesusteraan pada Kisah-kisah al-Quran, Jakarta: Pustaka Alhusna, 1983.

Imron, Ali, Kisah Yusuf as dalam al-Quran, Tesis, Pascasarjana UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta, 2010.

Johns, A.H. Holy Ground; A Space to Share dalam Hamdard Islamicus Vol. XXXIII No.2, April-June 2010.

Narrative, Intertext, and Allusion in the Quranic Presentation of Job dalam Journal of Quranic Studies, Vol. 1, Centre of Islamic Studies, SOAS. University of London, 1999.

Three Stories of a Prophet: al- TSurah al-Anbiy?: 83-84 (Part II) dalam Journal of Quranic Studies, Vol. IV, Issue 1, Centre of Islamic Studies, SOAS, University of London, 2002.

al-J?bir?, Muhammad ?bid. Madkhal ila al-Qur?n al-Kar?m. Beir?t: Markaz Dir?s?t al-Wihdah al-Arabiyah. 2006.

al-Fann al- f? al-Qur?n. Kairo: D?r al-?aqafiyyah. 2002.

al-Quran bukan Kitab Sejarah: Seni, Sastra, dan Moralitas dalam Kisah-kisah al-Quran, terj. Zuhairi Misrawi dan Anis Maftukhin, Jakarta: Paramadina, 2002.

Krentz, Edgar, The Historical-Critical Method, Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1975.

Martin, Richard C. (ed.). Approaches to Islam in Religious Studies. Tucson: The University of Arizona Press.1985..

Mc Auliffe, Jane Dammen. Encylopedia of the Quran Volume Three. Leiden: Brill. 2004.

Neuwirth, Angelika, Referentiality and Textuality in Surat al-Hijr: Some Observations on the Quranic Canonical Process and the Emergence of a Community dalam Issa J. Boulatta (ed.), Literary Structures of Religious Meaning in the Quran, Richmond: Curzon Press, 2000.

Form and Structure of the Quran dalam Jane Dammen McAuliffe (ed.), Encyclopaedia of the Quran, Vol. 2, Leiden: E.J. Brill, 2002.

Quran and History A Disputed Relationship: Some Reflections on Quranic History in the Quran dalam Journal of Quranic Studies, Vol. 2003.

Structure and the Emergence of Community dalam Andrew Rippin (ed.), The Blackwell Companion to the Quran, Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2006.

Neuwirth, Angelika dan Nicolai Sinai, Introduction dalam Angelika Neuwirth (dkk.), The Quran in Context: Historical and Literary Investigations into the Quranic Milieu, Leiden: Brill, 2000.

Powell, Mark Allan. What is Narrative Criticism?. Minneapolis: Augsburg Fortress. 1990.

al-Qa??an, Manna Khal?l. Mab?hi? f? Ul?m al-Qur?n. Kairo: Mansy?r?t al-Ashr al-

Rakhmat, Iones. Metode Kritis Tafsir Alkitab, dalam yang diakses tanggal 22 Februari 2013

al-R?z?, M-D?n, Tafs?r al-Fakhr al-R?z? al-Musytahar bi al-Tafs?r al-Kab?r wa Mafat?h al-Gaib, Beir?t: D?r al-Fikr, 1981.

Riddell, Peter G. dan Johns Street (ed.). Islam: Essays on Scripture, Thought, and Society. Leiden: Brill. 1997.

Sulaim?n, al-Usl?biyah, Kairo: Maktabah al-?dab, 2004.

Wansbrough, John. Quranic Studies: Sources and Methods of Scriptural Interpretation. New York: Prometheus Books. 2004.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Ushuluddin

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Ushuluddin published by :

Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Humaniora Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Antasari

Jl. A. Yani Km, 4,5 Banjarmasin Kalimantan Selatan 70235 Phone (0511) 3266593 - Email: [email protected]

Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Ushuluddin indexed by :


Creative Commons License
Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Ushuluddin (p-ISSN: 1412-5188 / e-ISSN: 2549-3752 licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.