KONTROVERSI PENGGUNAAN KISAH ISRAILIYYAT DALAM MEMAHAMI AYAT-AYAT KISAH AL-QUR’AN

Munirah Munirah

Abstract


How many people like to read a lot of varian of stories in the previous era until now. So, many scholars or teachers and the others use the story telling method to interest the audiens. In religion, it can found many interesting stories in the Holy Book, Taurat and Injil. In the Qur’anic studies, the stories are known as Israliyyat stories. While the Qur’an also told some stories of the prophets, etc in the narrative verses. For understanding the narrative verses, the scholars sometimes use Israiliyyat stories to maintain them. However, some mufassirs have various thoughts about using them. Some interpret the Qur’an with Israiliyyat for detail stories, but some others leave it and just take the lessons. This article analyze the controversy on using Israiliyyat stories to interpret the Qur’an with library research and qualitative method. The conclusion is the scholars base on their thoughts of Israiliyyat can be divided to three category; rejectionees like al-Alusi, Muhammad Abduh, Muhammad Rasyid Ridha, receptionees like Muqatil bin Sulaiman, al-Sa’labi, al-Bagawi, al-Khazin, al-Thabari, and moderat  like Ibnu Taimiyah, Ibnu Kasir. The classification appeared because they actually have various understanding of hadis and different background.


Keywords


kontroversi; Isra'iliyyat; ulama

References


Abduh, Muhammad & Muhammad Risyid Ridha. Tafsir al-Manâr. Kairo: Dar al-Manar, 1947.

al-Alûsî, Syihâbuddîn Mahmûd ibn Abdullah al-Husaini. Rûh al-Ma’ânî, ditahqiq oleh Ali Abdul Bârî Atiyyah. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 1415 H.

Anwar, Rosihon. Melacak Unsur-unsur Israiliyyat dalam Tafsir al-Thabari dan Tafsir Ibnu Katsir. Bandung: Pustaka Setia, 1999.

al-Baghdadî, Umar ibn Ali ibn Musa bin Khalîl. al-A’lâm al-‘Aliyyah fî Manâqib Ibnu Taimiyyah. Beirut: al-Maktabah al-Islami, 1400 H..

al-Bukhârî, Muhammad ibn Ismâ’il Abû Abdullah. Shahîh al-Bukhârî Cet I. Juz 4, ditahqiq oleh Muhammad Zahir bin Nasir al-Nasir. Tt: Dar Tauq al-Najah, 1422 H.

Chirzin, Muhammad. al-Qur’an dan Ulumul Qur’an. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Dana Bakti Prima Yasa, 1998.

al-Dimasyqi, Abû Fidâ’ Ismâ’il ibn Katsîr al-Qurasyî. Tafsîr Ibn Katsîr. Jilid I. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1986.

al-Dzahabî, Muhammad Husin. al-Isrâiliyyât fî al-Tafsîr wa al-Hadîs. Kairo: Maktabah Wahbah, 1990.

al-Dzahabî, Muhammad Husin. Isra’iliyyat dalam Tafsir dan Hadis. terj Didin Hafifuddin. Jakarta: PT Pustaka Litera Antar Nusa, 1993.

Goldziher, Ignaz. Mazhab Tafsir dari Klasik Hingga Modern. Yogyakarta: eLSAQ Press, 2010.

Ibn Katsîr, Ismâil ibn Umar. Tafsîr al-Qur’ân al-‘Azhîm. Tt: Dar Thaibah li al-Nasyr wa al-Tauzi’, 1999.

Ibn Mas’ûd, Abû Muhammad al-Husain. Muqaddimah Tafsîr al-Baghawî. tt: Dar Thaibah. 1997.

Ibn Sulaiman, Abû al-Hasan Muqâtil. Tafsiîr Muqâtil ibn Sulaimân. Beirut: Dar al-Ihya’, 1423 H.

Ibn Taimiyyah. Muqaddimah fî Ushûl al-Tafsîr. Kuwait: Dar al-Qalam, 1971.

Jauharî, Thanthawî. al-Jawâhir fî Tafsîr al-Qur’ân al-Karîm. Mesir: Musthafa al-Bani al-Halabi wa Auladah, 1351 H.

al-Khâzin, Alî ibn Muhammad ibn Ibrahim bin Umar. Lubâb al-Ta’wîl fî Ma’âni al-Tanzîl, ditashih oleh Muhammad Alî Syâhin. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyah, 1415 H.

Madani, Malik. Studi Kritis atas Tafsir Jalalain, makalah dipresentasikan dalam acara Kuliah Umum Jurusan Tafsir Hadis Fak. Ushuluddin UIN Sunan Kalijaga. Yogyakarta, 2010.

Mahmud, Mani’ Adl Halim. Metodologi Tafsir Kajian Komprehensif Metode Para Ahli Tafsir. Jakarta: PT. Grafindo Persada. 2006.

al-Muhtasib, Abdul Majid Abdussalam. Tafsir al-Qur’an Kontemporer. Jatim: al-Izzah, 1997.

al-Qattan, Manna’. Pengantar Studi Ilmu al-Qur’an, terj. Ainur Rafiq El-Mazni. Jakarta: Pustaka Al-Kautsar, 2009.

Shihab, Quraish. Studi Kritis Tafsir al-Manar. Bandung: Pustaka Hidayah, 1994.

al-Tsa’âlabî, Abdurrahman bin Muhammad bin Makhlûf. al-Jawâhir al-Hisân fî Tafsîr al-Qur’ân ditahqiq oleh Muhammad Alî Mu’awwad dan Adil Ahmad Abdul Maujûd. Beirut: Dar Ihya’ al-Turats al-Arabi, 1418 H.

al-Usamain, Muhammad bin Shalih. Dasar-dasar Penafsiran al-Qur’an. Semarang : Dina Utama, 1989.

Yusuf, Muhammad, dkk. Studi Kitab Tafsir. Yogyakarta: TERAS, 2004.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18592/jiu.v16i2.1727

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Munirah Munirah

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.