Ahmad Juhaidi, Masyithah Umar


The percentage of early marriages in South Kalimantan is the highest in Indonesia but the poverty rate in this province is the third lowest. This gives an early indication that early marriages in the province are not associated with poverty. Therefore, the case of early marriages in South Kalimantan is interesting to be observed. This study investigates what are the causes of early marriages in South Kalimantan and whether early marriages have a correlation with poverty and other indicators such as education and health levels. To answer that, data collection is done by documentation of interviews transcript and data report from the Central Statistics Agency of South Kalimantan. This study finds that the causes of early marriages in South Kalimantan relate to economic problems and as a way to protect families.  This study also finds that there is a significant negative correlation between early marriages and the level of education ( -0,005 < 0,05) and between early marriages and health (-0,001 < 0,05). Surprisingly, there is no significant correlation between early marriages and poverty (0,073 > 0,05).  This means that the higher the number of early marriages, the lower the level of education and health and vice versa.  This finding is important for policy makers, communities, and religious leaders to focus on supporting public education to prevent early marriages and break the cycle of problems associated with early marriages.


Persentase pernikahan dini di Kalimantan Selatan tertinggi di Indonesia tetapi angka kemiskinan di Provinsi ini berada posisi tiga terendah. Hal tersebut memberi petunjuk awal bahwa pernikahan dini di provinsi ini tidak berhubungan dengan kemiskinan. Oleh karena itu, kasus pernikahan dini di Kalimantan Selatan menarik untuk dicermati. Penelitian ini mencari penyebab terjadinya pernikahan dini di Kalimantan Selatan dan korelasi antara pernikahan dini dengan tingkat pendidikan, kesehatan, dan kemiskinan. Untuk menjawab itu pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan dokumentasi transkrip wawancara dan laporan data dari Badan Pusat Statistik Kalimantan Selatan. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa penyebab terjadinya pernikahan dini di Kalimantan Selatan adalah permasalahan ekonomi dan sebagai cara untuk melindungi keluarga. Selain itu, penelitian ini menemukan bahwa pernikahan dini berkorelasi signifikan dengan tingkat pendidikan (-0,005 < 0,05) dan kesehatan (-0,001 < 0,05) dengan nilai negatif, tetapi pernikahan dini tidak berkorelasi signifikan dengan kemiskinan (0,073 > 0,05). Dengan demikian dapat disimpulkan bahwa jika persentase pernikahan dini menurun, tingkat pendidikan dan angka harapan hidup akan meningkat. Temuan ini penting untuk pengambil kebijakan, komunitas, serta tokoh agama untuk fokus pada dukungan terhadap pendidikan masyarakat untuk mencegah pernikahan dini dan memutus siklus permasalahan yang terkait dengan pernikahan dini. 


pernikahan dini; pendidikan; kesehatan; kemiskinan

Full Text:



Adharsyah, Taufan. “Miris, Tingkat Kemiskinan di 6 Provinsi Ini Meningkat.” news. Accessed August 14, 2019.

Az Zuhayli, Wahbah. Al Fiqhul Islami Wa Adillatuh. VII vols. Beirut: Darul Fikr, 1985.

Bagahl, Ghazala Umer, Nosheen Khaskhelly, Erum Khushnood Zahid Shaikh, and Maria Aijaz Sheikh. Empirical Analytical Study nn Socio-Economic Factor of Early Marriages: A Case Study of Badin District, Sindh, Pakistan. (University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Pakistan, Department of Political Science December 2016).

Blackburn, Susan, and Sharon Bessell. “Marriageable Age: Political Debates on Early Marriage in Twentieth-Century Indonesia.” Indonesia 63, no. 63 (April 1997): 107.

BPS, Badan Pusat Statistik Kalsel. “Indeks Pembangunan Manusia (IPM) Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan Tahun 2018.” Berita Resmi Statistik. Mei 2019, No. 028/05/63/Th.XXII edition.

———. Profil Tenaga Kerja Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan Februari 2019. Banjarmasin: Badan Pusat Statistik Kalimantan Selatan, 2019.

———. Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan Dalam Angka 2020. Badan Pusat Statistik Kalimantan Selatan, 2020.

———. Statistik Kesejahteraan Rakyat Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan 2019. Banjarmasin: Badan Pusat Statistik Kalimantan Selatan, 2020.

Condon, Meghan, Lesley Lavery, and Par Jason Engle. “Measuring Social Capital: Accounting for Nested Data and Subnetworks Within Schools.” Social Indicators Research 126, no. 3 (April 2016): 1189–1207.

Cooper, Joy, and Larry Davis. “Exploring Comparative Economic Theories: Human Capital Formation Theory vs Screening Theory.” Journal of Applied Business & Economics 19, no. 6 (October 2017): 68–73.

Delprato, Marcos, and Kwame Akyeampong. “The Effect of Early Marriage Timing on Women’s and Children’s Health in Sub-Saharan Africa and Southwest Asia.” Annals of Global Health 83, no. 3–4 (November 8, 2017): 557.

Ferreira, Frances J, and Mostafa Azad Kamal. “Community Engagement to End Child Early Forced Marriage – Experiences in Selected South Asian Countries” 4, no. 3 (2017): 20.

Ganira, Lilian K., Nancy A. Inda, Paul A. Odundo, Joseph Ochieng Akondo, and Boniface Ngaruiya. “Early and Forced Child Marriage on Girls’ Education, in Migori County, Kenya: Constraints, Prospects and Policy.” World Journal of Education 5, no. 4 (January 1, 2015): 72–80.

Gbunblee, Carolyn H. “Trust in Transition: How New Principals Develop Trust with Faculty During Their Transition Period.” Central Connecticut State University, 2016.

Goli, Srinivas, Anu Rammohan, and Deepti Singh. “The Effect of Early Marriages and Early Childbearing on Women’s Nutritional Status in India.” Maternal and Child Health Journal 19, no. 8 (August 2015): 1864–80.

Hajihasani, Mehrdad, and Timothy Sim. “Marital Satisfaction among Girls with Early Marriage in Iran: Emotional Intelligence and Religious Orientation.” International Journal of Adolescence and Youth 24, no. 3 (July 3, 2019): 297–306.

Hamed, Ahmed F., and Fouad M. A. Yousef. “Prevalence, Health and Social Hazards, and Attitude toward Early Marriage in Ever-Married Women, Sohag, Upper Egypt.” Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association 92, no. 4 (October 2017): 228.

Hazm, Ibnu. Al-Muhalla. Vol. IX. Beirut: Dar al-Afaq al-Jadidah, 2010.

Islam, Md. Akhtarul, and Abdur Rahman. “Age at First Marriage and Fertility in Developing Countries: A Meta Analytical View of 15 Demographic and Health Surveys.” Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health, January 2020, S2213398420300269.

‘Izzuddîn, Abû Muhammad. Qawâ’idu al-Ahkâm Fî Mashâlih al-Anâm. Vol. I. Beirut: Dâr al-Ma’rifah, 1999.

Kartikawati, Jamilah Reni. “Dampak Perkawinan Anak Di Indonesia.” Jurnal Studi Pemuda 3, no. 1 (2014).

Kohno, Ayako, Maznah Dahlui, Nik Daliana Nik Farid, Razitasham Safii, and Takeo Nakayama. “Why Girls Get Married Early in Sarawak, Malaysia - an Exploratory Qualitative Study.” BMC Women’s Health 20, no. 1 (December 2020): 46.

Kuranchie, Alfred, and Hillar Addo. “Differential Parental Social Capital Investment in Children’s Education: Research Evidence.” African Educational Research Journal 5, no. 3 (September 1, 2017): 207–14.

Melissa S. Kearney, and Phillip B. Levine. “Income Inequality, Social Mobility, and the Decision to Drop Out of High School.” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 2016, 333.

PLAN, Plan Asia Regional Office, and International Center for Research on Women ICRW. “Asia Child Marriage Initiative : Summary of Research in Bangladesh, India, and Nepal.” New Delhi: Plan Asia Regional Office and International Center for Research on Women (ICRW), 2013.

Rahayu, Wulansari Dyah, and Heni Wahyuni. “The Influence of Early Marriage on Monetary Poverty in Indonesia.” Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business 35, no. 1 (2020).

Rahman, Fauzie, Syahadatina Meitria, Rakhmy Aprillisya, and Heppy Dwiyana Afika. “Kajian Budaya Remaja Pelaku Pernikahan Dini Di Kota Banjarbaru Kalimantan Selatan.” Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia 11, no. 2 (2015): 108–17.

Raj, Anita, Marissa Salazar, Emma C. Jackson, Natalie Wyss, Katherine A. McClendon, Aarushi Khanna, Yemeserach Belayneh, and Lotus McDougal. “Students and Brides: A Qualitative Analysis of the Relationship between Girls’ Education and Early Marriage in Ethiopia and India.” BMC Public Health 19, no. 1 (December 2019): 19.

Richard S. Lazarus. “Hope: An Emotion and a Vital Coping Resource Against Despair.” Social Research 66, no. 2 (1999): 653.

Rifiani, Dwi. “Pernikahan Dini Dalam Perspektif Hukum Islam.” Journal de Jure 3, no. 2 (December 1, 2011).

Sanjaya, Ayling, Moersintowarti B. Narendra, Irwanto, Ahmad Suryawan, Mira Irmawati, and Ferry Efendi. “Early Marriage and Its Relationship with Child Development.” Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development 9, no. 9 (2018): 193.

Sezgin, Aysen Ufuk, and Raija-Leena Punamäki. “Impacts of Early Marriage and Adolescent Pregnancy on Mental and Somatic Health: The Role of Partner Violence.” Archives of Women’s Mental Health, April 6, 2019.

IIB Darmajaya. “Stop Pernikahan Dini, Siapkan Generasi Muda Yang Berencana.” Accessed May 10, 2020.

Sunaryanto, Heri. “Analisis Sosial-Ekonomi Faktor Penyebab Perkawinan Anak Di Bengkulu: Dalam Perspektif Masyarakat Dan Pemerintah (Studi Kasus Di Kabupaten Seluma).” Jurnal Sosiologi Nusantara 5, no. 1 (June 25, 2019): 22–42.

Susanti, Emy. “Women’s Knowledge and the Role of Local Female Leaders in Ending the Practice of the Early Marriage of Girls in Rural Communities of Indonesia.” Journal of International Women’s Studies : Bridgewater 20, no. 9 (2019).

Talukder, Ashis, Muhammad Mahmudul Hasan, Shaharior Rahman Razu, and Md. Zobayer Hossain. “Early Marriage in Bangladesh: A Cross-Sectional Study Exploring the Associated Factors.” Journal of International Women’s Studies 21, no. 1 (2020).

Tim. “Kalsel Jadi Provinsi Dengan Jumlah Perkawinan Anak Tertinggi.” nasional. Accessed August 14, 2019.

Topor, Alain, Lisa Skogens, and Ninive von Greiff. “Building Trust and Recovery Capital: The Professionals’ Helpful Practice.” Advances in Dual Diagnosis 11, no. 2 (May 21, 2018): 76–87.

Tschannen-Moran, Megan. Trust Matters: Leadership for Successful Schools. Second edition. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2014.

Tschannen-Moran, Megan, and Christopher Gareis. “Principals, Trust, and Cultivating Vibrant Schools.” Societies 5, no. 2 (March 27, 2015): 256–76.

UNICEF. UNICEF Annual Report 2018. New York: UNICEF, 2019.

Walker, J. “Early Marriage in Africa - Trends, Harmful Effects and Interventions.” African Journal of Reproductive Health 16, no. 2 (n.d.): 231–40.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Ahmad Juhaidi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.



Khazanah: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Humaniora Indexed By:



Creative Commons License

Khazanah: Jurnah Studi Islam dan Humaniora by is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.