• Ahmad Juhaidi State Islamic University Antasari Banjarmasin
  • Analisa Fitria State Islamic University Antasari Banjarmasin
  • Noor Hidayati State Islamic University Antasari Banjarmasin
  • Ahmad Wafa Nizami Islamic College Al Falah Banjarbaru
  • Hidayat Ma'ruf State Islamic University Antasari Banjarmasin
  • Nuril Huda State Islamic University Antasari Banjarmasin
  • M. Noor Fuady State Islamic University Antasari Banjarmasin



Social Capital, Trust, Hope, Intergenerational Relationship


Learning is influenced by resources, context, and student input. High-achieving students who come from underprivileged families have supportive social capital to make up for the low financial and human capital in their families. The question addressed in this article is how to increase social capital in low-income families. This is a qualitative study. Data was collected by interviewing 63 informants, consisting of 28 parents and 35 high-achieving Islamic primary school (madrasah ibtidaiyah and madrasah tsanawiyah) student from underprivileged families in South Kalimantan.The study's findings indicate that trust in the family is unable to emerge and grow as a result of various statements and treatments of parents and other family members toward children. These statements and actions are reflected in parental concern, feelings of security, honesty and integrity, openness, reliability, and competence in the family. Expectations in poor families are relatively unsupportive. The general trend among poor families is that they have low expectations for the future. But hope will grow if parents have broad insights and views. Relationships between generations are built through the togetherness of parents and children and the communication and joint activities that are often carried out between family members. Communication is the most basic thing in building social capital in the family.


A, Ks. Transkrip Wawancara Ibu dari FtmZ, June 12, 2020.

Adda, Jerome, Anders Bjorklund, and Helena Holmlund. “The Role of Mothers and Fathers in Providing Skills: Evidence from Parental Deaths.” SSRN Scholarly Paper. Rochester, NY, January 18, 2011.

Addae, Evelyn Aboagye, and Stefan Kühner. “How Socioeconomic Status and Family Social Capital Matter for the Subjective Well-Being of Young People: Implications for the Child and Family Welfare Policy in Ghana.” Journal of Social Policy 51, no. 4 (October 2022): 876–99.

Ailei, Xie. “‘Useless Schooling’ or ‘Hopeless Schooling’: An Ethnographic Study of Lower-Class Rural Parents’ Perceptions on the Value of Schooling.” Chinese Education & Society 52, no. 3–4 (July 4, 2019): 186–207.

Alv, Alv. Wawancara dengan Alv, August 11, 2020.

Brown, Gordon. “The Future of Education Is Here.” Twitter Post, September 22, 2020.

Castro, María, Eva Expósito-Casas, Esther López-Martín, Luis Lizasoain, Enrique Navarro-Asencio, and José Luis Gaviria. “Parental Involvement on Student Academic Achievement: A Meta-Analysis.” Educational Research Review 14 (February 2015): 33–46.

Cebula, Carla Rachel. “Effects of Economic, Social and Cultural Capital at Home and in the Neighbourhood on Young People’s Educational Attainment.” Ph.D., University of Edinburgh, 2019.

Cleland, Jonathan, and David Lumsdon. “How Can School-Parental Participation Support the Generation of Social Capital for Parents?” Educational & Child Psychology 38, no. 2 (June 1, 2021): 19–39.

Coleman, James S. “Social Capital in the Creation of Human Capital.” American Journal of Sociology 94 (1988): S95–120.

Desforges, Charles, and Alberto Abouchaar. The Impact of Parental Involvement, Parental Support and Family Education on Pupil Achievement and Adjustment: A Literature Review. Vol. 433. DfES London, 2003.

Dufur, Mikaela J., Toby L. Parcel, and Kelly P. Troutman. “Does Capital at Home Matter More than Capital at School? Social Capital Effects on Academic Achievement.” Research in Social Stratification and Mobility 31 (March 2013): 1–21.

Dumka, Larry E., Nancy A. Gonzales, Darya D. Bonds, and Roger E. Millsap. “Academic Success of Mexican Origin Adolescent Boys and Girls: The Role of Mothers’ and Fathers’ Parenting and Cultural Orientation.” Sex Roles 60, no. 7 (August 13, 2008): 588.

Engle, Jennifer, and Vincent Tinto. “Moving beyond Access: College Success for Low-Income, First-Generation Students.” Pell Institute for the Study of Opportunity in Higher Education, 2008.

Ftm. Transkrip Wawancara Ftm, July 20, 2020.

Fwt, Fat. Wawancara, September 2, 2020.

Gamoran, Adam, Hannah K. Miller, Jeremy E. Fiel, and Jessa Lewis Valentine. “Social Capital and Student Achievement: An Intervention-Based Test of Theory.” Sociology of Education 94, no. 4 (October 2021): 294–315.

Goyette, Kimberly A., and Gilberto Q. Conchas. “Family and Non-Family Roots of Social Capital Among Vietnamese and Mexican American Children.” In Research in the Sociology of Education, edited by Bruce Fuller and Emily Hannum, 13:41–72. Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2002.

Greenwald, Rob, Larry V Hedges, and Richard A Laine. “The Effect of School Resources on Student Achievement.” Review of Educational Research; Washington, 3, 66 (1996).

Hanifan, L.J. “The Rural School Community Center.” The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 67, no. 1 (September 1916): 130–38.

HdH, Hdh. Wawancara dengan Hd H, June 12, 2020.

Hlm S, Hlms. Wawancara Hlms, June 19, 2020.

Hyde, Janet S., Elizabeth A. Canning, Christopher S. Rozek, Emily Clarke, Chris S. Hulleman, and Judith M. Harackiewicz. “The Role of Mothers’ Communication in Promoting Motivation for Math and Science Course-Taking in High School.” Journal of Research on Adolescence 27, no. 1 (2017): 49–64.

Ibu Ftm. Wawancara dengan Mama Ftm, July 20, 2020.

Ibu Hlm S, Hlm S. Wawancara Ibu Hlms, June 12, 2020.

Ibu LMR. Wawancara Ibu Lal, July 20, 2020.

Ibu LMR, LMR. Wawancara dengan Ibu LMR, July 20, 2020.

Ibu My, Ng. Wawancara Ibu My, June 12, 2020.

Ibu SMN, SMN. Wawancara Ibu SMN, June 12, 2020.

Id, Id. Wawancara Terhadap Ibu Guru, June 12, 2020.

Jlk, NLtf. Wawancara dengan Julak NLtf, June 12, 2020.

Juhaidi, Ahmad. “Siswa Dari Keluarga Tidak Mampu Di Sekolah Swasta, Mungkinkah Bersaing Dengan Anak Orang Kaya?” In The 2nd Annual Conference on Islamic Education Management : The Scientific Paradigm of Islamic Education Management. Manado: Fakultas Ilmu Tarbiyah dan Keguruan Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta Jln. Marsda Adisucipto Yogyakarta 55281 Tlp. 0274 – 513056, n.d.

Kerns, Kathryn A., Shannon Siener, and Laura E. Brumariu. “Mother–Child Relationships, Family Context, and Child Characteristics as Predictors of Anxiety Symptoms in Middle Childhood.” Development and Psychopathology 23, no. 2 (May 2011): 593–604.

Lepadatu, Ioana. “How Children See Their Parents–A Short Intergeneration Comparative Analysis.” Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 187 (May 2015): 5–9.

Li, Chunkai, Qiunv Zhang, and Na Li. “Does Social Capital Benefit Resilience for Left-behind Children? An Evidence from Mainland China.” Children and Youth Services Review 93 (October 1, 2018): 255–62.

LR, A. Transkrip Wawancara ALR, June 19, 2020.

Lucio, Joanna, Anna Jefferson, and Laura Peck. “Dreaming the Impossible Dream: Low-Income Families and Their Hopes for the Future.” Journal of Poverty 20, no. 4 (October 1, 2016): 359–79.

Marquis-Hobbs, Trinette. “Enriching the Lives of Students in Poverty.” Education Digest 80, no. 4 (December 2014): 34–39.

Maunah, Binti. “Social and Cultural Capital and Learners’ Cognitive Ability: Issues and Prospects for Educational Relevance, Access and Equity Towards Digital Communication in Indonesia.” Journal of Social Studies Education Research 11, no. 1 (2020).

Mbah Hlm, Hlm. Transkrip Wawancara Mbah Hlm, July 20, 2020.

Mishra, Shweta. “Social Networks, Social Capital, Social Support and Academic Success in Higher Education: A Systematic Review with a Special Focus on ‘Underrepresented’ Students.” Educational Research Review 29 (February 1, 2020): 100307.

Mohammed, Abdulfetah, and Mikyas Abera. “Accounting for Unequal Academic Performance: Government and Private School Students in Dire Dawa, Ethiopia.” African Studies Quarterly 21, no. 1 (May 2022): 43–67.

MRR, MRR. Wawancara dengan MRR, June 19, 2020.

Nai, SB. Wawancara terhadap Nai, August 12, 2020.

Nenek NLtf. Wawancara dengan Nenek NLtf, June 12, 2020.

Norman, Jean. “Social Capital of Last Resort: How People with Low Socio-Economic Status Rely on God When Social Resources Are Scarce.” Journal of Communication & Religion 42, no. 2 (Summer 2019): 76–92.

Nur, Mm Al. Wawancara terhadap Nur, August 11, 2020.

Oliveri, Mary Ellen, and David Reiss. “Social Networks of Family Members: Distinctive Roles of Mothers and Fathers.” Sex Roles 17, no. 11 (December 1, 1987): 719–36.

Polatcan, Mahmut. “Social Capital Wealth as a Predictor of Innovative Climate in Schools.” International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research, June 17, 2019.

RAS, RAS. Wawancara RAS, June 12, 2020.

Rean, Artur A., and Ivan A. Konovalov. “Indicators of Parent-Child Relationships in the Context of Various Socio-Demographic Parameters.” Интеграция Образования. Integration of Education 24, no. 3 (2020): 433–52.

Ruiz Alvarado, Adriana, Theresa Stewart-Ambo, and Sylvia Hurtado. “High School and College Choice Factors Associated with High-Achieving Low-Income Students’ College Degree Completion.” Education Sciences 10, no. 6 (June 2, 2020): 153.

Shi, Jinqun. “The Evolvement of Family Intergenerational Relationship in Transition: Mechanism, Logic, and Tension.” The Journal of Chinese Sociology 4, no. 1 (December 2017): 20.

SMN, SMN. Wawancara dengan SMN, June 12, 2020.

StD, St. Wawancara dengan StD, June 12, 2020.

Syr, Ais. Wawancara Syr, July 20, 2020.

Tan, T. Wawancara terhadap Tan, August 12, 2020.

Wen, Daniel, Esther C. L. Goh, and Chin‐ying Hsu. “Hope in LOW‐INCOME Families—A Study of Family Hardiness in Singapore.” Family Relations 71, no. 2 (April 2022): 513–25.

Winkle-Wagner, Rachelle. “Foundations of Educational Inequality: Cultural Capital and Social Reproduction.” ASHE Higher Education Report 36, no. 1 (May 2010): 1–21.

Wt, Kas. Wawancaran dengan Ibu Syr, June 20, 2020.

Zhao, Jiehui, and Katerina Bodovski. “The Effect of Family Background and Parental Expectations on Eighth Graders’ Academic Achievement in Rural and Urban China.” Frontiers of Education in China 15, no. 4 (December 2020): 647–77.




How to Cite

Juhaidi, A., Fitria, A., Hidayati, N., Nizami, A. W., Ma’ruf, H., Huda, N., & Fuady, M. N. (2022). BRIGHT STUDENTS IN ISLAMIC PRIMARY SCHOOL FROM LOW INCOME FAMILY. Khazanah: Jurnal Studi Islam Dan Humaniora, 20(2), 171–190.