PEMIKIRAN POLITIK DALAM ISLAM

Abd. Wahid

Abstract


Muslim theologians, jurists and philosophers have developed Islamic po-
litical thought along history. The classic theologians of Syi’ah, Khawarij,
Murji’ah, Mu’tazilah and Asy’ariyah schools focus their political thought
on the question of who has the right to rule the Muslim community after
the death of the prophet Muhammad. Among the jurists, al-Mâwardî ar-
gues that the aim of establishing a state is to continue the prophetic mis-
sion, namely to protect religion and to enhance the welfare of the Muslim
community. Finally, the Muslim philosopher and historian, Ibn Khaldûn
argues that the state should be based on group feeling (‘ashabiyah), and the
group feeling based on religion should be at the top of the other kinds of
group feeling.


Keywords


Islam, Politik, Negara, dan Ashabiyah

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18592/jiu.v9i1.1411

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