Mohd Ariff Mustafa, Abdullah Sallehhuddin Abdullah Salim, Md Shukor Masuod, Norzarina Md Yatim


The disruptions such as the pandemic Covid-19 driven Movement Control Order (MCO) and the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) have delivered dynamism in the form of accelerated change, technological innovation, convergence, new sources of growth or disparities, and new technology costs and investments. These are expected to have an impact on the economy, society, and politics of the industry and its sub-sector. Nevertheless, the existing Dasar Koperasi Negara 2 (DKN 2), 2011-2020, and the most recent mid-term review report of DKN 2 did not specifically mentioned about preparing or building the country’s co-operative sector based on those disruptions, though undeniably there are some elements in these two documents reflecting such move towards it. The silence and absence cast doubt on local mosque cooperatives' ability to adjust in the face of upheaval. It also creates concern on driving factors of mosque co-operatives’ adaptive capacity. Thus, this proposed study aims to ascertain elements of mosque co-operatives’ 4IR adaptive capacity, then to evaluate the interactions and relationships between organisational, product & process, and social innovation and adaptive capacity of mosque co-operatives. Employing survey method, this study will engage the Chairman of Board of mosque co-operatives in state of Selangor as a respodent. The feedback will be analysed using the Structural Equation Modelling technique via SmartPLS. Understanding the variables that drive innovation allows mosque cooperatives to strengthen their adaptive ability by concentrating efforts on improving specific competencies and boosting the sub-preparation sector's for future shocks. It also provides insights to key stakeholders viz. MEDAC, SKM, ANGKASA, and IKM in planning enhanced training moduls, standard operating procedures, action plan relating to a specific innovation process that can enhance mosque co-operatives’ adaptive capacity, including in in finalising the Dasar Koperasi Negara 3, 2021-2030. This proposed research aims to answer the following research questions:- 1. How organisational innovation affect mosque co-operatives’ adaptive capacity? 2. How product and process innovation affect mosque co-operatives’ adapative capacity? 3. How social innovation affect mosque co-operatives’ adapative capacity?

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