PERAGA ASTRONOMI UNTUK DIFABEL NETRA

Fitri Nur Hikmah, Suryandari Suryandari

Abstract


Visual impaired students have restrictiveness on their sight. Hence, they get difficulties to understand astronomy concepts which demanded the visual role actively. Based on this reality, the innovation of astronomy teaching media that was designed specifically for visual impaired students was needed. This research was aimed to: 1) investigate the design of astronomy teaching media as a learning media for visual impaired students, 2) investigate the design of the course book of astronomy teaching media as a complementary medium of learning for visual impaired students, 3) investigate visual impaired students’ responses toward astronomy teaching media as a learning media, 4) investigate visual impaired students response toward the course book of astronomy teaching media as a complementary of learning, and 5) improve the understanding of the concept of visual impaired students with the astronomy
teaching media.


This study was a R and D research based on Borg and Gall’s concept. The subjects were students at class IX of MTs (junior high school) Yaketunis Yogyakarta. The products are 1) The constellations teaching media with the sky ball from the wood and the stars from the screws. 2) The course book is written in to Braille. The instruments of data collection in this study were the instrument validation product assessment sheets, product quality assessment sheets for materials experts, media specialists, and the teacher of MTs Yaketunis Yogyakarta that were adapted from a Likert scale in the form of checklist. Instruments for the students was the students response sheets using Guttman scale in the form of checklist. Technical analysis of the data that used in
the study was quantitative descriptive analysis.


The results of this study were 1) from the assessment of material, the design of constellations teaching media is Very Good, and the course book is Very Good; 2) from the assessment of media experts, the the design of constellations teaching media is Very Good, and the course book is Very Good; 3) from the assessment of MTs Yaketunis science teacher, the design of constellations teaching media is Very Good, and the course book is Very Good category; 4) the responses of visual impaired students to teaching media Moon topography rated
Very Good, constellations teaching media rated Very Good, and course book rated Very Good; 5) evaluation of the test results showed that visual impaired students obtained an average score of 42 in the pretest that was categorized poor, and they obtained an average score of 86 in the posttest that was categorized Very Good. Total average score of the students’ understanding
improvement was 44.


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