Riza Saputra


This study aims to discuss the phenomenon of the Christians and Catholics that imitate Islamic expressions in Banarjoyo village. The cordial relationship among Muslims, the Christians and Catholics of Banarjoyo village provide new nuances on the concept of passing. Using field research and collecting data through participant observation and in-depth semi structured interview techniques, the study reaches the following results: Christians and Catholics adaptation with Muslims activities in Banarjoyo village undergirds on three aspects of social interaction, namely parallel, associative, and cooperative. The processes of Christians and Catholics’ interaction and participation within Muslims activities are the causes of the identification, and imitation of Islamic expressions. The main factor of the Christians and Catholics imitation of Islamic expression is because of their role identity and their feeling dissimilar that further make them try to assimilate with the dominant Islamic context. This assimilation and adjustment of Christians and Catholics behaviors as well as Muslims is what we called as “Passing as a form of adaptation.”


Passing; Adaptation; Christians; Catholics; Islamic expressions

Full Text:



Abdullah, Najwa, and Mohamed Nawab Mohamed Osman. "Islamisation in the Indonesian media spaces new sites for a conservative push." Journal of Religious and Political Practice4, no. 3 (2018): 214-232.

Adams, Katharine S., Jeremy R. Tost, Mark A. Whatley, Meghan C. Brown, Brendan J. Dochney, Jessica M. Taylor, and Mary H. Neal. "Relationship of Christian beliefs to attitudes toward people with mental illness." American journal of psychotherapy 71, no. 3 (2018): 104-109.

Barberia, Itxaso, Ramon Oliva, Pierre Bourdin, and Mel Slater. "Virtual mortality and near-death experience after a prolonged exposure in a shared virtual reality may lead to positive life-attitude changes." PloS one 13, no. 11 (2018): e0203358.

Burke, Peter J. “The Self: Measurement Requirements from an Interactionist Perspective.” Social Psychology Quarterly 43, no. 1 (1980): 18–29.

Butler, Janine. "The Visual Experience of Accessing Captioned Television and Digital Videos." Television & New Media (2019): 1527476418824805.

Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. Routledge, 2011.

Caughie, Pamela L., Emily Datskou, and Rebecca Parker. "Storm clouds on the horizon: feminist ontologies and the problem of gender." Feminist Modernist Studies 1, no. 3 (2018): 230-242.

Caughie, Pamela L. Passing and Pedagogy: The Dynamics of Responsibility. Urbana, Ill.: University of Illinois Press, 1999.

Caughie, Pamela L. “Passing as Modernism.” Modernism/Modernity 12, no. 3 (September9, 2005): 385–406.

Fernández-Berrocal, Pablo, and Carlos Santamaría. “Mental Models in Social Interaction.” The Journal of Experimental Education 74, no. 3 (April 1, 2006): 227–48.

Hechavarría, Diana M. "Mother nature’s son? The impact of gender socialization and culture on environmental venturing." International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship 8, no. 2 (2016): 137-172.

Hefner, Robert W. "Introduction: Indonesia at the crossroads: imbroglios of religion, state, and society in an Asian Muslim nation." In Routledge Handbook of contemporary Indonesia, pp. 3-30. Routledge, 2018

Heyes, Cecilia. “Automatic Imitation.” Psychological Bulletin, 463-483, 137 (2011). 10.1037/a0022288.

Hostert, Anna Camaiti. Passing: A Strategy to Dissolve Identities and Remap Differences. Translated by Christine Marciasini. 1 edition. Madison N.J.: Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Pr, 2007.

Knitter, Paul F. “Christian Attitudes Toward Other Religions: The Challenge of Commitment and Openness.” Prajñā Vihāra 5, no. 1 (2004).

Kroeger, B. Passing: When People Can’t Be Who They Are. United States: Public Affairs, 2003.

Mang, Pum Za. "The Politics of Religious Conversion among the Ethnic Chin in Burma." Studies in World Christianity 24, no. 3 (2018): 188-211.

Marie Wong, Stephanie. "A Society Apart: Rural Chinese Catholics and the Historiography of ‘Otherness’." Studies in World Christianity 22, no. 2 (2016): 86-104.

Mercadante, Linda. "Belief without borders: Inside the minds of the spiritual but not religious." In Being Spiritual but Not Religious, pp. 110-127. Routledge, 2018.

Paramaditha, Intan. “Passing and Conversion Narratives: Ayat-Ayat Cinta and Muslim Performativity in Contemporary Indonesia,” Asian Cinema 21 (2010):2.

Polley, Gabriel. "From Karm al-Khalil to Kerem Avraham: A British Settler-Colonial Outpost Near Jerusalem in the Nineteenth Century." Journal of Holy Land and Palestine Studies 18, no. 1 (2019): 51-73.

Rosello, Mireille. “Dissident or Conformist Passing: Merzak Allouache’s Chouchou.” South Central Review 28, no. 1 (May 27, 2011): 2–17.

Sands, Justin. "Passing through customs: Merold Westphal, Richard Kearney, and the methodological boundaries between philosophy of religion and theology." Religions 7, no. 7 (2016): 83.

Sharma, Rajendra Kumar. Social Changes and Social Control. New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers & Distributors, 2007.

Silvermint, Daniel. "Passing as privileged." Ergo, an Open Access Journal of Philosophy 5 (2018).

Thompson, Ayanna. Passing Strange: Shakespeare, Race, and Contemporary America by Ayanna Thompson. Oxford University Press, 1700.

Watson, Nick J., and Andrew Parker. "The mystical and sublime in extreme sports: Experiences of psychological well-being or Christian revelation?." Studies in World Christianity21, no. 3 (2015): 260-281

Wetzorke, Robert. Passing and the Problem of Identity in Afro-American Literature: A Study of N. Larsen and J.W. Johnson. GRIN Verlag, 2010.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Riza Saputra

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.



Khazanah: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Humaniora Indexed By:



Creative Commons License

Khazanah: Jurnah Studi Islam dan Humaniora by is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.