PARADIGMA DAN ALIENASI KONSEP MASLAHAT AL-TUFI SEBAGAI LEGALITAS SUMBER SYARIAH

Maskur Rosyid, Anwar Hafidzi

Abstract


Abstract

This paper aims to describe the al-Ṭūfī's concept of malaah as the supremacy of Islamic law and its difference with the concept of malaah by the majority of scholars. This research is in the form of library research with content analysis and comparison methods. The primary sources used were Shar al-Arba'īn al-Nawāwī Muliq al-Malaah fi al-Tashrī 'al-Islāmī and Shar Mukhtaar al-Rawah. Malaah for al-Ṭūfī is all causes that lead to good, both in the field of worship and muamalah, and all efforts to realize maqāid al-sharī'ah. Al-Ṭūfī based his concept on text, consent, and intelligence. Al-Tufi places malaah as the strongest and independent proposition in the field of mu’āmalah. This thought is what distinguishes it from the concept of malaah in general. The methods he uses are takhī and bayān, both of which only apply to annī texts, not qa texts.

 

Abstrak

Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan konsep maṣlaḥah al-Ṭūfī sebagai supremasi hukum syariah dan distingsinya dengan konsep maslahat mayoritas ulama. Penelitian ini berupa penelitian pustaka dengan metode content analisys dan komparasi. Sumber primer yang digunakan yaitu Shar al-Arba‘īn al-Nawāwī Muliq al-Malaah fi al-Tashrī‘ al-Islāmī dan Shar Mukhtaar al-Rawah. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa menurut al-Ṭūfī, maslahat ialah segala sebab yang membawa kepada kebaikan, dalam bidang ibadah dan muamalah, serta segala upaya untuk merealisasikan maqāid al-sharī‘ah. Konsepnya didasarkan atas nash, ijmak, dan intelegensi. al-Tufi menempatkan maslahat sebagai dalil mandiri dan terkuat dalam bidang muamalah. Hal inilah yang membedakannya dengan konsep maslahat secara umum. Metode yang ia gunakan yaitu dengan takhṣīṣ dan bayān yang kedunya hanya berlaku pada nash annī, bukan nash qa‘ī.

 


Keywords


legality, maslahat, al-tufi, sharia

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18592/al-banjari.v19i2.3823

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