DIFFERENCE OF USING ‘URF ON GOLD JEWELLERY OF ZAKAH : A STUDY IN SELANGOR AND MALACCA

Nor Mohd Faisal bin Md Ariffin

Abstract


Urf is an additional source for Masadir al-Tasyrik (Syarak main source) and a method used by fuqaha to determine law of matters that undisclosed by nas for qat’i or been confrmed yet. It involves variety of aspects especially in Islam. This purpose of writing is to elaborate on zakat that have connection on gold that used to be clothes or jewellery
by woman. The discussion is based on many Ulama’s opinions on real law of using gold as jewellery from zakat’s view. Focus and emphasis will be given to conduct a research on urf’s fxed rate for Malacca and Selangor at current time being. What is the most attention is the zakat on jewellery is different from other type of gold because one have their own ‘illah.Analysis shows that majority Ulama’ including al-Syaf’i which followed by majority Malaysian had decided a law that it is not compulsory to pay zakat on jewellery that wear by woman to celebrate their rights as written in al-Hadith. But,permissibility given by Ulama’ is strict on particular rate that been decided by Urf followed he rate made by current Ulama. Research also proved that there are many difference in rate of Urf based on state practise especially in Selangor and Malacca that need to be pay attention by specifc person in order to avoid curiosity in community. This issue appears to be discussed further across the diversity of fqh created and triggered by Ulama as a reference of law by ummah, towards arising current problems and never ended. Method used by MAIS and PZM act as indicator to the rate of using current gold and will be given priority as outcomes for this research to answer the questions about difference between both state.
Keywords : ‘urf, zakah, gold jewellery,


Full Text:

PDF

References


RUJUKAN

‘Abd al- ‘Aziz Muhammad ‘Izam (1998), Qawa’id

al-Fiqh al-Islami, Dirasah ‘Ilmiyyah Tahliliyyah

Muqaranah, ‘Ain Syams: Maktabah al-

Risalah al-Dawliyyah, Jami’ah al-Azhar.

‘Abd al-Karim al-Zaydan (2004), Al-Zakah wa

Ahkamuha f al-Islam, Beirut: Mu’assasah

al-Risalah.

‘Abd al-Karim Zaydan (2001). Al-Wajiz f al-Usul

al-Fiqh, C. 7. Beirut: Muassasah al-Risalah.

‘Abd al-Wahhab Khallaf (1970). Masadir al-Tasyri’al-

Islami f mala Nassa Fih, C. 2. Kuwait: Dar

al-Qalam.

‘Abd al-Wahhab Khallaf (1995) ‘Ilm Usul al-Fiqh,

Qahirah: Madinah Nasr, Dar al-Fikr al-

‘Arabi.

Abi ‘Abd Allah Muhammad Ibn Yazid al-Qazwayni

(t.t.), Sunan Ibn Majah. Ta’liq: Muhammad

Nasir al-Din al-Albani, Riyad : Maktabah

al-Ma’arif li al-Nasyr wa al-Tawzi’.

Abi Zakariyya Yahya Mahyu ad-Din bin Syaraf

al-Nawawi al-Dimasyqi (1996), al-Majmu’

Syarh al-Muhadhzab. C. 1. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr.

Abi Zakariyya Yahya Mahyu ad-Din bin Syaraf

al-Nawawi al-Dimasyqi (2000), Rawdah

al-Talibin. Tahqiq: ‘Adil Ahmad ‘Abd al-

Mawjud, ‘Ali Muhammad Mu’awwad, j. 2,

Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-’Ilmiyyah.

Abi Zakariyya Yahya Mahyu ad-Din bin Syaraf

al-Nawawi al-Dimasyqi (1998), Sahih Syarh

al-Nawawi, Qahirah : Dar al-Manar, j. 16.

Abu Daud, Sulayman bin al-Ash‘ath al-Sajastani

(t.t.), Sunan Abi Daud. Ta‘liq: Muhammad

Nasir al-Din al-Albani, Riyad: Maktabah

al-Ma‘arif.

Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Hambal (1995), al-

Musnad. Syarh: Ahmad Muhammad Syakir.

Qahirah: Dar al-Hadith.

Ahmad Fahmi Abu Sunnah (2004), al-’Urf wa al-

’Adah f Ra’yi al-Fuqaha’: ‘Ard Nazzariyyah

Fi al-Tasyri’ al-Islami. Misr: Dar al-Basyair.

Ahmad Jad (2006), Mawsu‘ah fqh al-Sunnah li al-

Nisa’, Qahirah: Dar al-Ghad al-Jadid.

Ahmad Muhammad Zarqa’ (1989), Syarh al-Qawa’id

al-Fiqhiyyah, C. 2, Damsyik: Dar al-Qalam.

Ahmad Nahrawi ‘Abd al-Salam (t.t.), al-Imam al-

Syafi’i fi Madhhabih al-Qadim wa al-Jadid,

Qahirah: Maktabah Syabab.

Amidi, al-Imam ‘Ali bin Muhammad al- (2003),

al-Ihkam f Usul al-Ahkam, C. 1, 2 j. Beirut:

Dar Ibn Hizam.

Ansari, Abi ‘Abd allah Muhammad bin Ahmad al-

(1994), al-Jami’ li Ahkam al-Quran. Ta‘liq:

Muhammad Ibrahim al-Hanafawi. Qahirah:

Dar al-Hadith.

Bukhari, Abi ‘Abd allah Muhammad bin Isma‘il

al- (1400H), al-Jami‘ al-Sahih, al-Musnad

Hadith Rasul allah saw wa Sunanih wa Ayyamih,

Tahqiq: Muhib al-Din al-Khatib, Qahirah:

al-Maktabah al-Salfyyah.

Bukhari, Muhammad bin Isma‘il bin Ibrahim bin

al-Mughirah bin Bardizbah al- (1998), Sahih

al-Bukhari, Tahqiq: Taha ‘Abd al-Rawuf

Sa‘ad, Mansurah: Maktabah al-Iman.

Buti, Muhammad Sa’id Ramadan al- (1966),

Dawabit al-Maslahah f al-Syari’ah al-Islamiyyah,

Damsyik: al-Maktabah al-Umawiyyah

Daraqutni, al-Imam al-Hafz ‘Ali bin ‘Umar al-

(1996), Sunan al-Daraqutni. Beirut: Dar al-

Kutub al- ‘Ilmiyyah.

Dimyati al- (t.t.), I’anah al-Talibin, Beirut: Dar Ihya’

al-Turath al-‘Arabi.

Faruq Ahmad Abu Dunya (1999), Muhadharat Fi

Usul Al-Fiqh, Damanhur: al-Azhar.

Ghazali al- (1356H), al-Mustasfa min ‘Ilm al-usul, C. 2.

Ibn Manzur, Jamal al-din Muhammad (1990), Lisan

al-’Arab. Beirut, Dar al-Fikr.

Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah (2006) ‘Ilam al-Muwaqqi‘in

‘an Rab al-‘Alamin, Qahirah: Dar al-Hadith.

Ibn Rusyd al-Qurtubi, Abi al-Walid Muhammad

bin Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Ahmad Difference of Using ‘Urf on

(2006), Bidayah al-Mujtahid wa Nihayah al-

Muqtasid, Tahqiq: Haytham Jum’ah Hilal,

Beirut: Muassasah al-Ma’arif.

Ibn. Qudamah (1997), al-Mughni, Tahqiq: ‘Abd

Allah ‘Abd al-Muhsin al-Turki ‘Abd al-

Fattah Muhammad, C. 3. Riyad: Dar ‘Alam

al-Kutub.

Ibrahim Anis (1972), al-Mu’jam al-Wasit, Qahirah.

Jad al-Haq ‘Ali Jad al-Haq (2005), al-Fatawa al-

Islamiyyah, C. 1. Qahirah: Dar al-Faruq li

al-Nasyr wa al-tawzi’.

Jaziri, ‘Abd al-Rahman bin Muhammad ‘Aus

al- (1999), Kitab al-Fiqh ‘ala al-Mazahib al-

Arba‘ah, Tahqiq: Kamal al-Jamal et al., C.

Mansurah: Maktabah al-Iman.

Muhammad Abu Zuhrah (2003), Usul al-Fiqh,

Qahirah: Dar al-Fikr al-‘Arabi.

Mahmood Zuhdi Abd Majid (2003), Pengurusan

Zakat, Dewan Bahasa & Pustaka, KL.

Mahmud ‘Abd allah al-‘Ukazi (1996), Qawa‘id al-Fiqh

al-Kulliyyah, Qahirah: Jami‘ah al-Azhar.

Malik bin Anas (1985), al-Muwatta’,Ta‘liq :

Muhammad Fuad ‘Abd al-Baqi, Beirut :

Dar Ihya’ al-Turath al-‘Arabi.

Muhammad al-Khadari (1968), Tarikh al-Tasyri‘al-

Islami, Qahirah: Dar al-Fikr.

Muhammad al-Khadari (2000), Usul al-Fiqh, Tahqiq,

Khayri Sa’id, Qahirah: al-Maktabah al-

Tawfqiyyah.

Muhammad Bakr Isma’il (t.t.), al-Qawa’id al-Fiqhiyyah

Bayna al-Isalah wa al-Tawjih, Qahirah : Dar

al-Manar.

Muhammad Fuad ‘Abd al-Baqi (2007), al-Mu‘jam

al-Mufarras li al-Alfaz al-Quran al-Karim bi

Hasyiah al-Mushaf al-Syarif. Qahirah: Dar

al-Hadith.

Muhammad Sidqi Ahmad (2002), al-Wajiz f Idah

Qawa’id al-Fiqh al-Kulliyyah, C. 5. Beirut: al-

Risalah al- ‘Alamiyyah.

Muhammad Sulayman al-Asyqar (2004), Abhath

Fiqhiyyah f Qadaya al-Zakah al-Mu’asirah, 2

j. Jordan: Dar al-Nafais.

Mustafa al-Khin, Mustafa al-Bugha, ‘Ali al-Syarbaji

(1992), al-Fiqh al-Manhaji ‘ala Mazhab al-

Imam al-Syaf’i, C. 4. Damsyik: Dar al-Qalam.

Qaradawi, Yusuf al- (1980), Al-Halal wa al-Haram f

al-Islam, C. 13. Qahirah: al-Maktab al-Islami.

Qaradawi, Yusuf al- (1992), ‘Awamil al-Su’ah wa al-

Murunah f al-Syari’ah al-Islamiyyah, Qahirah:

Dar al-Sahwah li al-Nasyr.

Qaradawi, Yusuf al (1996), Fi Fiqh al-Awlawiyyat,

Qaherah: Maktabah Wahbah.

Qaradawi, Yusuf al- (1997), al-Sahwah al-Islamiyyah

wa Humum al-Watan al-’Arabi al-Islami,

Qaherah: Maktabah Wahbah.

Qaradawi, Yusuf al- (2000), Fiqh al-Zakah, Dirasat

Muqaranah li Ahkamiha wa Falsafatiha f Daw’i

al-Quran wa al-Sunnah, C. 24, 2 j. Beirut:

Muassasah al-Risalah.

Qarraf, Syihab al-Din Abu al-‘Abbas Ahmad Idris

al- (t.t.) Syarh Tanqih al-Fusul fi Ikhtisar

al-Mahsul fi al-Usul. Tahqiq: Taha ‘Abd

al-Rauf, Qahirah: Maktabah al-Kulliyyat

al-Azhariyyah.

Rifa’ah Fawzi ‘Abd al-Mutallib (2001), al-Umm

li al-Imam Muhammad Idris al-Syaf’i, C. 1.

Mansurah: Dar al-Wafa’,

Salih Ghanim al-Sadalan (1417H), al-Qawa’id al-

Fiqhiyyah al-Kubra wa ma Tafarra’a ‘anha, C.

Riyad: Dar al-Balansiyyah.

Syatibi, Ibrahim Musa al- (2005), al-Muwafaqat f

Usul al-Syari’ah, C. 7, 4 j. Beirut: Dar al-

Kutub al-Diniyyah.

Syawkani, Muhammad bin ‘Ali bin Muhammad

al- (1999), Nayl al-Awtar, Syarh Muntaqi

al-Akhyar min Ahadith Sayyid al-Akhyar,

Tahqiq: Kamal al-Jamal et al., C. 1, 8 j.

Mansurah: Dar al-Iman.

Syirazi, Abi Ishaq al- (1992), al-Muhadhzab,

Damsyik : Dar al-Qalam.

Suyuti, al-Imam Jalal al-Din ‘Abd Rahman bin Abi

Bakr al-(1998), al-Asybah wa al-Naza’ir f

qawa‘id wa furu‘ fqh al-Syaf‘iyyah, C. 1, 2

j. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al- ‘Ilmiyyah.

Tirmizi, al-Imam al-Hafz Muhammad bin ‘Isa

bin Surah al- (1417H.) Sunan al-Tirmizi,

Ta’liq: Muhammad Nasir al-Din al-Albani,

Riyad : Maktabah al-Ma’arif li al-Nasyr wa

al-Tawzi’.

Zayn al-‘Abidin Ibrahim (1985), Syarh Ahmad Ibn

Muhammad al-Hamawi, Ghamz ‘Uyun al-

Basa’ir Syarh Kitab al-Asybah wa al-Naza’ir,

C. 1. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah.

Zarqa’, Mustafa Ahmad al- (1978), al-Madkhal al-

Fiqh al-‘Amm, Damsyik: Dar al-Fikr. 22

Zarqa’, Syaikh Ahmad bin Syaikh Muhammad al-

(2012), Syarh al-Qawa‘id al-Fiqhiyyah, bi

qalam Mustafa Ahmad Zarqa’ (Ibn Muallif),

c. 2. Damsyik: Dar al-Qalam.

Zuhayli, Wahbah al- (1985), al-Fiqh al-Islami wa

Adillatuh, C. 2. Damsyik: Dar al-Fikr.

Zuhayli, Wahbah al- (2012), Mawsu’ah al-Fiqh al-

Islami wa al-Qadaya al-Mu’asirah. Damsyik

: Dar al-Fikr.

PENYELIDIKAN DAN TESIS

Jawatankuasa Kajian ‘Urf Emas Pakai Negeri

Pahang (2008), “Laporan Penetapan ‘Urf

Emas Pakai Negeri Pahang Darul Makmur”

(Diketuai Halidan Md Daud, Pengerusi

Besar Pusat Kutipan Zakat Pahang 2008).

Nihaya Rabii (2000), “Ahkam al-Hulli f al-Fiqh al-

Islami” Jordan : (Tesis Master, University

Of Jordan).

Unit Penyelidikan dan Pembangunan Syar'ie

(2004), Pusat Zakat Selangor (PZS), Kertas

Cadangan Penetapan Kadar Uruf emas

Perhiasan Di Negeri Selangor Tahun 2004,

Zulkifli Mohamad al-Bakri, Nor Azmi Musa,

Mohamad Idris Ramli, Wan Abdul Fattah

Wan Ismail (2009), Penentuan 'Uruf

Pemakaian Emas Wanita Islam Di Negeri

Sembilan, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia,

Perpustakaan USIM.

INTERNET

Enakmen 4, Tahun 2006 (Enakmen Pentadbiran

Agama Islam) Seksyen 54. “Sumber

Yang Hendaklah Diikuti”, http://www2.

esyariah.gov.my, 30 November 2013.

Enakmen Pentadbiran Agama Islam Negeri-

Negeri, “Bidang Kuasa Majlis Agama Islam

Negeri”, http://www2.esyariah.gov.my.1

Disember 2013.

Jabatan Haji, Wakaf dan Zakat (JAWHAR),

“Bengkel Kumpulan Fokus Kadar Uruf

Pemakaian Emas”, http://www.jawhar.gov.

my., 6 Oktober 2014.

Jabatan Kemajuan Islam Malaysia (JAKIM), “Kadar

‘Uruf Emas Perhiasan di Negeri Selangor”,

http://www.e-fatwa.gov.my.20 Oktober

Jabatan Kemajuan Islam Malaysia (JAKIM),

“Kajian Semula Mengenai Penetapan Kadar

‘Uruf Emas Perhiasan di Negeri Melaka

dan Kaedah Pengiraannya”, http://www.e-

fatwa.gov.my. 15 November 2012.

Jabatan Kemajuan Islam Malaysia (JAKIM),

“Penetapan Semula Kadar ‘Uruf Pemakaian

Emas di Negeri Melaka dan Kaedah

Pengiraan Zakat Atasnya”, http://www.e-

fatwa.gov.my. 15 November 2012.

Jabatan Kemajuan Islam Malaysia (JAKIM), “Nilai

Emas Yang Boleh Dihukum Pakaian”,

http://www.e-fatwa.gov.my.1 Disember

Lembaga Zakat Selangor (LZS) Majlis Agama Islam

Selangor (MAIS), “http://www.e-zakat.

com.my, 29 Mac 2014.

Lembaga Zakat Selangor (LZS) Majlis Agama

Islam Selangor (MAIS), “Warta Kerajaan

Negeri Selangor, Fatwa di bawah Seksyen

, Enakmen Pentadbiran Agama Islam

(Negeri Selangor) 2003”, http://www.e-

zakat.com.my, 23 Jun 2005.

Pusat Zakat Melaka (PZM) Majlis Agama Islam

Melaka (MAIM), “Kadar ‘Urf Emas

Perhiasan”, 16 November 2014, http://

www.izakat.com

TEMUBUAL

Y. Bhg. Sahibus Samahah Datuk Wira Haji Rashid

Redza Haji Md. Saleh, Mufti Kerajaan

Negeri Melaka, Temubual pada 5 April

Fariz Abdul Razak, Eksekutif Penyelidikan Syariah,

Lembaga Zakat Selangor. Shah Alam, Temu

bual 20 Jun 2013.

Abdullah Ahmad Senin, Penolong Pegawai Hal

Ehwal Islam, Bahagian Fatwa, Jabatan

Mufti Negeri Selangor. Temubual 11 Mac

Mohd Nazri Abdul Majid, Pegawai Hal Ehwal

Islam, Bahagian Buhuth, Jabatan Mufti

Melaka. Temubual 11 Jun 2013 & 19 Mac

Norazimah Mohd Rayes, Eksekutif Perancangan

Strategik, Sektor Perancangan Korporat,

Lembaga zakat Selangor (MAIS), Temubual

pada 17 November 2014.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18592/at-taradhi.v7i1.1976

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


At-Taradhi: Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi

Indexed By :

 
 

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.