Puasa Ramadhan dalam Perspektif Kesehatan: Literatur Review

Sumarno Adi Subrata, Merses Varia Dewi

Abstract


ABSTRACT:

Ramadan fasting is one of five Islamic pillars which had historically been obligated by Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala during the month of Sha’ban in the second year of Hijra. Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala firmly instructed to conduct Ramadan fasting in order to attain taqwa as clearly stated in Surah Al-Baqara 2:183. Furthermore, Ramadan fasting has many beneficial effects for health. This literature review will scientifically explain of these benefits, which consists of benefits for optic nerves, pregnancy, diabetic patients, renal failure patients, cholesterol impairement and obesity, level of cortisol hormone, immune system, peptic ulcer patients and cancer patients. A titanic amount of published studies (1988 - 2017) from trustworthy electronic databases such as Elsevier, PubMed, Google Scholar and SAGE has been well considered in this review.

 

Keywords: Ramadan fasting, health, literature review

 

ABSTRAK:

Puasa ramadhan adalah salah satu bagian dari rukun islam dimana syariat ini diwajibkan pada pada bulan Sya’ban tahun kedua Hijriyah. Allah subhaanahu wa ta’ala memerintahkan  puasa ramadhan dengan tujuan untuk menggapai predikat insan yang bertaqwa sebagaimana yang telah tertulis di dalam Al Qur’an surat Al Baqarah ayat 183. Selain itu, puasa ramadhan juga memiliki banyak manfaat dari sisi kesehatan. Literature review ini akan menjelaskan secara detail pengaruh puasa ramadhan bagi kesehatan yang terdiri dari kesehatan saraf mata, ibu hamil, pasien dengan diabetes, pasien dengan gangguan fungsi ginjal, gangguan kolesterol dan obesitas, kadar hormon kortisol, sistem kekebalan subuh, pasien dengan ulkus peptikum dan pasien dengan kanker. Sejumlah artikel yang dipublikasikan mulai dari tahun 1988 - 2017 oleh database Elsevier, PubMed, Google scholar dan SAGE telah dijadikan bahan kajian dalam review ini.

 

Kata kunci: puasa ramadhan, kesehatan, literatur review


Keywords


Spirituality and Science

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ajabnoor, G. M., Bahijri, S., Borai, A., Abdulkhaliq, A. A., Al-Aama, J. Y., & Chrousos, G. P. (2014). Health Impact of Fasting in Saudi Arabia during Ramadan: Association with Disturbed Circadian Rhythm and Metabolic and Sleeping Patterns. PLOS ONE, 9(5), e96500. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0096500

Akrami Mohajeri, F., Ahmadi, Z., Hassanshahi, G., Akrami Mohajeri, E., Ravari, A., & Ghalebi, S. R. (2013). Dose Ramadan Fasting Affects Inflammatory Responses: Evidences for Modulatory Roles of This Unique Nutritional Status via Chemokine Network. Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, 16(12), 1217-1222.

Al-Hader, A. F., Abu-Farsakh, N. A., Khatib, S. Y., & Hasan, Z. A. (1994). The effects of Ramadan fasting on certain biochemical parameters in normal subjects and in type II diabetic patients. Annals of Saudi medicine, 14(2), 139-141.

al-Hadramy, M. S., Zawawi, T. H., & Abdelwahab, S. M. (1988). Altered cortisol levels in relation to Ramadan. European journal of clinical nutrition, 42(4), 359-362.

al-Jarullah, A. b. J. b. I. (2005). Risalah Ramadhan. Rabwah: Islamic Propagation.

Alabbood, M. H., Ho, K. W., & Simons, M. R. (2017). The effect of Ramadan fasting on glycaemic control in insulin dependent diabetic patients: A literature review. Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews, 11(1), 83-87. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsx.2016.06.028

AlAlwan, I., & Banyan, A. A. (2010). Effects of Ramadan fasting on children with Type 1 diabetes. International Journal of Diabetes Mellitus, 2(2), 127-129. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdm.2010.05.009

Alberts, B., Johnson, A., & Lewis, J. (2002). Molecular Biology of the Cell (4 ed.). New York: Garland Science.

Almond, D., & Mazumder, B. (2011). Health capital and the prenatal environment: the effect of Ramadan observance during pregnancy. Am Econ J, 3, 56-85.

Assadi, M., Akrami, A., Beikzadeh, F., Seyedabadi, M., Nabipour, I., Larijani, B., . . . Seidali, E. (2011). Impact of Ramadan fasting on intraocular pressure, visual acuity and refractive errors. Singapore Med J, 52(4), 263-266.

Association, A. D. (2010). Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes Care, 33(Suppl 1), S62-S69.

doi:10.2337/dc10-S062

Bahijri, S., Ajabnoor, G., Borai, A., Al-Aama, J., & Chrousos, G. (2015). Effect of Ramadan fasting in Saudi Arabia on serum bone profile and immunoglobulins. Ther Adv Endocrinol Metab, 6(5), 223-232. doi:10.1177/2042018815594527

Bakhotmah, B. (2011). The puzzle of self-reported weight gain in a month of fasting (Ramadan) among a cohort of Saudi families in Jeddah, Western Saudi Arabia. Bakhotmah Nutrition Journal, 10, 84.

Bandyopadhyay, S., Thakur, J., Ray, P., & Kumar, R. (2005). High prevalence of bacteriuria in pregnancy and its screening methods in north India. J Indian Med Assoc, 103, 259-266.

Bener, A., Derbala, M., Al-Kaabi, S., Taryam, L., Al-Ameri, M., Al-Muraikhi, N., & Al-Mansoor, T. (2006). Frequency of peptic ulcer disease during and after Ramadan in a United Arab Emirates hospital. East Mediterr Health J, 12(1-2), 105-111.

Bernieh, B., Al Hakim, M., Boobes, Y., & Abu Zidan, F. (2010). Fasting Ramadan in chronic kidney disease patients: Clinical and biochemical effects. Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation, 21(5), 898-902.

Boobes, Y., Bernieh, B., & Al Hakim, M. (2009). Fasting ramadan in kidney transplant patients is safe. Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation, 20(2), 198-200.

Bragazzi, N. L. (2014). Ramadan fasting and chronic kidney disease: A systematic review. Journal of Research in Medical Sciences : The Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, 19(7), 665-676.

Bragazzi, N. L., Briki, W., Khabbache, H., Rammouz, I., Chamari, K., Demaj, T., . . . Zouhir, M. (2016). Ramadan Fasting and Patients with Cancer: State-of-the-Art and Future Prospects. Frontiers in Oncology, 6, 27.

doi:10.3389/fonc.2016.00027

Cevik, Y., Corbacioglu, S. K., Cikrikci, G., Oncul, V., & Emektar, E. (2016). The effects of Ramadan fasting on the number of renal colic visits to the emergency department. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 32(1), 18-21.

doi:10.12669/pjms.321.8248

Chandra, L. C., Traoré, D., French, C., Marlow, D., D’Offay, J., Clarke, S. L., . . . Kuvibidila, S. (2013). White button, portabella, and shiitake mushroom supplementation up-regulates interleukin-23 secretion in acute dextran sodium sulfate colitis C57BL/6 mice and murine macrophage J.744.1 cell line. Nutrition Research, 33(5), 388-396. doi:10.1016/j.nutres.2013.02.009

Chaplin, D. D. (2010). Overview of the Immune Response. The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology, 125(2 Suppl 2), S3-23. doi:10.1016/j.jaci.2009.12.980

Collins, J. K., Wu, G., Perkins-Veazie, P., Spears, K., Claypool, P. L., Baker, R. A., & Clevidence, B. A. (2007). Watermelon consumption increases plasma arginine concentrations in adults. Nutrition, 23(3), 261-266. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2007.01.005

Deeb, A., Al Qahtani, N., Akle, M., Singh, H., Assadi, R., Attia, S., . . . Naglekerke, N. (2017). Attitude, complications, ability of fasting and glycemic control in fasting Ramadan by children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 126, 10-15.

doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2017.01.015

Develioglu, O., Kucur, M., Ipek, H., Celebi, S., Can, G., & Kulekci, M. (2013). Effects of Ramadan fasting on serum immunoglobulin G and M, and salivary immunoglobulin A concentrations. J Int Med Res, 41, 463-472.

Dikensoy, E., Balat, O., Cebesoy, B., Ozkur, A., Cicek, H., & Can, G. (2009). The effect of Ramadan fasting on maternal serum lipids, cortisol levels and fetal development. Arch Gynecol Obstet 279(2), 119-123. doi:10.1007/s00404-008-0680-x

Dönderici, O., Temizhan, A., Küçükbaş, T., & Eskioğlu, E. (1994). Effect of Ramadan on peptic ulcer complications. Scand J Gastroenterol, 29(7), 603-606.

Emami-Naini, A., Roomizadeh, P., Baradaran, A., Abedini, A., & Abtahi, M. (2013). Ramadan fasting and patients with renal diseases: A mini review of the literature. Journal of Research in Medical Sciences : The Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, 18(8), 711-716.

Faris, M. e. A.-I. E., Hussein, R. N., Al-Kurd, R. a. A., Al-Fararjeh, M. A., Bustanji, Y. K., & Mohammad, M. K. (2012). Impact of Ramadan

Intermittent Fasting on Oxidative Stress Measured by Urinary 15-F(2t)-Isoprostane. Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, 2012, 802924. doi:10.1155/2012/802924

Farooq, A., Herrera, C. P., Almudahka, F., & Mansour, R. (2015). A Prospective Study of the Physiological and Neurobehavioral Effects of Ramadan Fasting in Preteen and Teenage Boys. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 115(6), 889-897.

doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2015.02.012

Fink, A. (2010). Conducting Research Literature Reviews: From the Internet to Paper (3rd ed.). California: Sage Publications.

Gokakin, A. K., Kurt, A., Akgol, G., Karakus, B. C., Atabey, M., Koyuncu, A., . . . Goren, E. (2012). Effects of Ramadan fasting on peptic ulcer disease as diagnosed by upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Arab Journal of Gastroenterology, 13(4), 180-183. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajg.2012.12.002

Hajek, P., Myers, K., Dhanji, A., West, O., & McRobbie, H. (2012). Weight change during and after Ramadan fasting. J Public Health (Oxf), 34, 377-381.

Health, P. (2014). High Blood Cholesterol. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0063067/

Hill, E., Zack, E., Battaglini, C., Viru, M., Viru, A., & Hackney, A. (2008). Exercise and circulating cortisol levels: the intensity threshold effect. J Endocrinol Invest, 31(7), 587-591.

Javadi, M. A., Assadi, M., Einollahi, B., Rabei, H. M., Afarid, M., & Assadi, M. (2014). The effects of Ramadan fasting on the health and function of the eye. Journal of Research in Medical Sciences : The Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, 19(8), 786-791.

Joosoph, J., Abu, J., & Yu, S. (2004). A survey of fasting during pregnancy. Singapore Med J, 45(12), 583-586.

Kaur, J. (2014). A Comprehensive Review on Metabolic Syndrome. Cardiology Research and Practice, 2014, 943162. doi:10.1155/2014/943162

Kazancioğlu, R. (2013). Risk factors for chronic kidney disease: an update. Kidney International Supplements, 3(4), 368-371. doi:10.1038/kisup.2013.79

Kerimoglu, H., Ozturk, B., Gunduz, K., Bozkurt, B., Kamis, U., & Okka, M. (2010). Effect of altered eating habits and periods during Ramadan fasting on intraocular pressure, tear secretion, corneal and anterior chamber parameters. Eye (lond), 24, 97-100.

Khalaf, M., Tammam, A. E., Ibrahem, I., Habib, D. M., Abdellah, M. S., Bahlol, M., . . . El Saman, A. M. (2015). Effect of Ramadan fasting on amniotic fluid index in last month of pregnancy. Middle East Fertility Society Journal, 20(1), 54-56. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mefs.2014.04.001

Kim, O., Nam, D., Yoon, H., Baek, S., Jun, W., & Lee, J. (2015). Immunomodulatory and Antioxidant Effects of Purple Sweet Potato Extract in LP-BM5 Murine Leukemia Virus-Induced Murine Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. J Med Food, 18(8), 882-889. doi:10.1089/jmf.2014.3274

Lam, D., & LeRoith, D. (2000 [Updated 2015 May 19]). Metabolic Syndrome. In D. G. LJ, C. G, & D. K (Eds.). South Dartmouth (MA): MDText.com.

Lamine, F., Bouguerra, R., Jabrane, J., Marrakchi, Z., Ben Rayana, M. C., Ben Slama, C., & Gaigi, S. (2006). Food intake and high density lipoprotein cholesterol levels changes during ramadan fasting in healthy young subjects. La Tunisie medicale, 84(10), 647-650.

Latifynia, A., Vojgani, M., Abofazeli, T., & Jafarieh, H. (2007). Circulating Immune Complex During Ramadan. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad, 19(2), 15-18.

Lessan, N., Hannoun, Z., Hasan, H., & Barakat, M. T. (2015). Glucose excursions and glycaemic control during Ramadan fasting in diabetic patients: Insights from continuous glucose monitoring (CGM). Diabetes & Metabolism, 41(1), 28-36. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.diabet.2014.11.004

Lobo, V., Patil, A., Phatak, A., & Chandra, N. (2010). Free radicals, antioxidants and functional foods: Impact on human health. Pharmacognosy Reviews, 4(8), 118-126.

doi:10.4103/0973-7847.70902

Lovallo, W., Al'Absi, M., Blick, K., Whitsett, T., & Wilson, M. (1996). Stress-like adrenocorticotropin responses to caffeine in young healthy men. Pharmacol Biochem Behav, 55(3), 365-369.

Malik, G., Mubarik, M., Jeelani, G., Tajamul, H., Kadla, S., Lone, B., & Khan, M. (1996). Endoscopic Evaluation of Peptic Ulcer Disease During Ramadan Fasting: A Preliminary Study. Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy, 2, 219-221.

Mbanya, J. C., Al-Sifri, S., Abdel-Rahim, A., & Satman, I. (2015). Incidence of hypoglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes treated with gliclazide versus DPP-4 inhibitors during Ramadan: A meta-analytical approach. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 109(2), 226-232. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2015.04.030

Miller, K. D., Siegel, R. L., Lin, C. C., Mariotto, A. B., Kramer, J. L., Rowland, J. H., . . . Jemal, A. (2016). Cancer treatment and survivorship statistics, 2016. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 66(4), 271-289. doi:10.3322/caac.21349

Mirghani, H., Weerasinghe, D., Ezimokhai, M., & Smith, J. (2003). The effect of maternal fasting on the fetal biophysical profile. Int J Gynecol Obstet, 81, 17-21.

Mubeen, S. M., Mansoor, S., Hussain, A., & Qadir, S. (2012). Perceptions and practices of fasting in Ramadan during pregnancy in Pakistan. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, 17(7), 467-471.

Ojha, P., Wiggs, J. L., & Pasquale, L. R. (2013). The Genetics of Intraocular Pressure. Seminars in Ophthalmology, 28(5-6), 301-305. doi:10.3109/08820538.2013.825291

Pae, M., & Wu, D. (2013). Immunomodulating effects of epigallocatechin-3-gallate from green tea: mechanisms and applications. Food Funct, 4(9), 1287-1303. doi:10.1039/c3fo60076a

Patel, S., & Goyal, A. (2012). Recent developments in mushrooms as anti-cancer therapeutics: a review. 3 Biotech, 2(1), 1-15. doi:10.1007/s13205-011-0036-2

Pautasso, M. (2013). Ten Simple Rules for Writing a Literature Review. PLoS Computational Biology, 9(7), e1003149. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003149

Prabhu, V., & Shivani, A. (2014). An Overview of History, Pathogenesis and Treatment of Perforated Peptic Ulcer Disease with Evaluation of Prognostic Scoring in Adults. Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research, 4(1), 22-29.

doi:10.4103/2141-9248.126604

Qujeq, D., Bijani, K., Kalavi, K., Mohiti, J., & Aliakbarpour, H. (2002). Effects of Ramadan fasting on serum low-density and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol concentrations. Annals of Saudi medicine, 22(5-6), 297-299.

Qureshi, B. (2002). Diabetes in Ramadan. J R Soc Med, 95(10), 489-490.

Rabinerson, D., Dicker, D., Kapzan, B., & Dekez, A. (2000). Hyperemesis gravidarum during Ramadan. J Psychosom Obstet Gynecol, 21, 189-191.

Ramakrishnan, K., & Salinas, R. (2007). Peptic Ulcer Disease. American Family Physician, 76(7), 1005-1012.

Ranabir, S., & Reetu, K. (2011). Stress and hormones. Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, 15(1), 18-22. doi:10.4103/2230-8210.77573

Rouhani, M. H., & Azadbakht, L. (2014). Is Ramadan fasting related to health outcomes? A review on the related evidence. Journal of Research in Medical Sciences : The Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, 19(10), 987-992.

Sadiya, A., Ahmed, S., Siddieg, H. H., Babas, I. J., & Carlsson, M. (2011). Effect of Ramadan fasting on metabolic markers, body composition, and dietary intake in Emiratis of Ajman (UAE) with metabolic syndrome. Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy, 4, 409-416.

doi:10.2147/DMSO.S24221

Salem, L., B'chir, S., B'chir, F., Bouguerra, R., & Slama, C. B. (2002). Circadian rhythm of cortisol and its responsiveness to ACTH during Ramadan. Ann Endocrinol, 63(6 pt 1), 497-501.

Salti, I., Bénard, E., Detournay, B., Bianchi-Biscay, M., Le Brigand, C., Voinet, C., & Jabbar, A. (2004). A Population-Based Study of Diabetes and Its Characteristics During the Fasting Month of Ramadan in 13 Countries. Diabetes Care, 27(10), 2306.

Samavati, M., & Bazazi, N. (2011). The relationship between fasting in Ramadan month and myopic changes. Sci J Hamadan Univ Med Sci Health Serv, 17, 61-64.

Sariri, R., Varasteh, A., & Sajedi, R. (2010). Effect of Ramadan fasting on tear proteins. Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove), 53, 147-151.

Schroeder, H. W., & Cavacini, L. (2010). Structure and Function of Immunoglobulins. The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology, 125(2 0 2), S41-S52.

doi:10.1016/j.jaci.2009.09.046

Sharma, S. (2007). a guide to healthy fasting. London: Communities In Action.

Shehab, A., Abdulle, A., El Issa, A., Al Suwaidi, J., & Nagelkerke, N. (2012). Favorable Changes in Lipid Profile: The Effects of Fasting after Ramadan. PLOS ONE, 7(10), e47615.

doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0047615

Soleymani, A., Rasoulinezhad, S., Mahdipour, E., & Khalilian, E. (2009). Effect of fasting on intraocular pressure (IOP) in normal individuals. J Babol Univ Med Sci, 12(21).

Thomas, R., Kanso, A., & Sedor, J. R. (2008). Chronic Kidney Disease and Its Complications. Primary care, 35(2), 329-vii. doi:10.1016/j.pop.2008.01.008

Toda, M., & Morimoto, K. (2000). Effects of Ramadan fasting on the health of Muslims. Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi, 54(4), 592-596.

Torab, F., Amer, M., Abu-Zidan, F., & Branicki, F. (2009). Perforated Peptic Ulcer: Different Ethnic, Climatic and Fasting Risk Factors for Morbidity in Al-Ain Medical District, United Arab Emirates. Asien Journal of Surgery, 32(2), 95-101.

Totsch, S. K., Waite, M. E., & Sorge, R. E. (2015). Chapter Fifteen - Dietary Influence on Pain via the Immune System. In J. P. Theodore & D. Gregory (Eds.), Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science (Vol. Volume 131, pp. 435-469): Academic Press.

Trabelsi, K., el Abed, K., Trepanowski, J. F., Stannard, S. R., Ghlissi, Z., Ghozzi, H., . . . Hakim, A. (2011). Effects of Ramadan Fasting on Biochemical and Anthropometric Parameters in Physically Active Men. Asian Journal of Sports Medicine, 2(3), 134-144.

Tuasikal, M. A. (2013). Panduan Ramadhan: Bekal Meraih Ramadhan Penuh Berkah (6th ed.). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Muslim.

van Bilsen, L. A., Savitri, A. I., Amelia, D., Baharuddin, M., Grobbee, D. E., & Uiterwaal, C. S. P. M. (2016). Predictors of Ramadan fasting during pregnancy. Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health, 6(4), 267-275. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jegh.2016.06.002

Veldhuis, J., Iranamesh, A., Lizarralde, G., & Johnson, M. (1989). Amplitude modulation of a burstlike mode of cortisol secretion subserves the circadian glucocorticoid rhythm. Am J Physiol, 257, E6-E14.

Wakeel, J. A., Mitwalli, A. H., Alsuwaida, A., Ghonaim, M. A., Usama, S., Hayat, A., & Shah, I. H. (2013). Recommendations for Fasting in Ramadan for Patients on Peritoneal Dialysis. Peritoneal Dialysis International : Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis, 33(1), 86-91.

doi:10.3747/pdi.2010.00095

Wan Md Adnan, W. A. H., Zaharan, N. L., Wong, M. H., & Lim, S. K. (2015). The Effects of Intermittent Fasting during the Month of Ramadan in Chronic Haemodialysis Patients in a Tropical Climate Country. PLOS ONE, 9(12), e114262.

doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0114262

Ziaee, V., Kihanidoost, Z., Younesian, M., Akhavirad, M.-B., Bateni, F., Kazemianfar, Z., & Hantoushzadeh, S. (2010). The Effect of Ramadan Fasting on Outcome of Pregnancy. Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, 20(2), 181-186.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18592/khazanah.v15i2.1139

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Sumarno Adi Subrata, Sumarno Adi Subrata

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View My Stats