ILMU KOLONIAL DI MALAYSIA: PERSPEKTIF MAQASID SYARIAH

Ahmad Farid Abdul Jalal, Rahimin Affandi Abd. Rahim, Ab. Halim Ismail, Huzaimah Ismail, Muhammad Ikhlas Rosele

Abstract


As a country that once colonized by the British, Malaya indeed vulnerable to the influence of British ideology. This occurs through a mechanism of colonial knowledge developed by British to learn and dominate the Malay community. As a result of colonial influence can be traced in all aspects of Malay community life. The findings of this research show that the colonial has their own policies and approach  when it comes to the issue of Islam in the Malay community. They try to kill the potential of Islam and replace it with the world-view and British paradigm then embed it into the community. The results of the Maqasid analysis on the legacy of colonial knowledge still prove too much effort to consolidate Islam should be done by Islamic scholars. Islamic scholars have to reject and correct negative outlook placed on Islam.

Keywords


Colonial knowledge; Islamic studies; Post colonialism; World-view

Full Text:

PDF

References


A.Arba’iyah Mohd Noor (2001), “ Pensejarahan Di Dalam Tradisi Barat Dan Melayu : Satu Perbandingan Ringkas”, Dalam (Edit) Redzuan Othman, Jendela Masa, Kuala Lumpur : Penerbit UM.

Abd Moqsith Ghazali (2007), Mengubah Wajah Fiqh Islam, dalam Abd Hakim dan Yudi Latif (eds.), Bayang-Bayang Fanatisme: Esai-Esai Untuk Mengenang Nurcholish Madjid, Jakarta: PSIK (Universitas Paramadina).

Abdul Rahman Abdullah (2000), Wacana Falsafah Sejarah : Perspektif Barat Dan Timur, Kuala Lumpur.

Abdul Rahman Abdullah (1994), Pengantar Ilmu Sejarah, Kuala Lumpur.

Abu Hassan Sham dan Mariyam Salim (1995), Sastera undang-undang, Kuala Lumpur.

Adian Husaini (2005), Wajah Peradaban Barat, Jakarta : Gema Insani.

Aliza Elias (2012), " Kecenderungan Paksi India : Implikasinya Terhadap Pensejarahan Islam Di Alam Melayu", Mohd Zaidi Ismal (Edit) Adab Dan Peradaban : Karya Pengi'tirafan Untuk Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas, MPH publishing.

A.Wright dan T.H. Reid (1912), The Malay Peninsula, Londom, h. 315.

A.J. Stockwell (2009), The Crucible Of The Malayan Nation : The University And The Making Of A New Malaya. 1938-1962, Modern Asian Studies, v. 43.

Anis Shakila Binti Ismail (2006), Pemikiran Islam Liberal Di Malaysia : Kajian Terhadap Isu Yang Ditimbulkan Oleh Farish Noor Dan Syed Akhbar Ali. Kertas projek Sarjana Muda Usuluddin .APIUM.

Azhar Ibrahim Alwee (2002), Orientalisme Dalam Pengajian Melayu, Dalam Persidangan Antarabangsa Bahasa, Sastera Dan Kebangsaan Melayu Ke 2, Anjuran Jabatan Bahasa Dan Kebudayaan Melayu, Kumpulan Akademik Bahasa Dan Kebudayaan Asia, Institute Pendidikan Nasional, Pada 1-3hb September 2002.

Azmi Aziz (2011), Transisi Penting Sistem Berkerajaan Di Alam Melayu : Kes Malaysia, Akademika, 81 (2).

Barlow, H.S.(1995), Swettenham, Kuala Lumpur : Southdene Bhd.

Berthold Spuler (1960), The Muslim World : A Historical Survey, Leiden, part 1.

Bryan S. Turner (1964), “ Gustave E. Von Grunebaum and the mimesis of Islam “, dalam Orientalism, Islam And Islamist.

Boxer, C.R. (1965), Some Portuguese Sources For Indonesian Historiography, Dalam Soedjatmoko (Eds), An Introduction To Indonesian Historiography, New Haven : Cornell University Press.

Daud Rasyid (2002), Pembaruan Islam Dan Orientalisme Dalam Sorotan, Jakarta : Media Akbar.

Edward W Said (1985), Orientalism, Middlesex: penguin Books.

Edward W. Said (1981), Covering Islam, How The Media And The Experts Determine Hows We See The Rest Of The World, London, h. 39-40, 60 dan 62.

E.E. Calverley (1958), Islam : An Introduction, The American University in Cairo Press.

E. G. De Eredia (1930), “ The description of Malaca “, dalam JMBRAS, v. 8:1.

Fawaz A. Gerges (1999), America And Political Islam; Clash Of Cultures Or Clash Of Interest, Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.

Friedrich Meinecke (1956), “ Historicism And Its Problems “, Dalam The Varieties Of History, New York.

Fred R. Von Der Mehden (1993), Two Worlds Of Islam: Interaction Between Southeast Asia And The Middle East, Florida.

F. Swettenham (1893), About Perak, Singapore.

F. Swettenham(1955), British Malaya, London.

F. Swettenham (1895), Malay sketch, Singapore.

Hanapi Dolah (1983), Struktur Dan Hubungan Masyarakat Melayu Tradisional Berdasarkan Sejarah Melayu : Satu Perbincangan Teoritis, SARI, v.1(2).

Hussain Othman (2008), Conceptual Understanding Of Myths And Legends In Malay History, SARI, v. 26.

Hussain Othman (2011), Malay Muslim History As Seen By Western Colonialist, World Journal Of Islamic History And Civilization, v.1 (2).

Idris Zakaria (1999), “ Intelek Eropah Dan Penentangan Terhadap Agama “, dalam Al-Maw’izah, bil. 7.

James E. Royster (1972), “ The Study Of Muhammad : A Survey Of Approaches From The Perspective Of The History And Phenomenology Of Religion “, Dalam The Muslim World, v. 62.

J.C. Leur (1955), Indonesian trade and society, The Hague, h. 169; K.P. Landon (1949), Southeast Asia : Crossroad of religions, Chicago.

Kees Groeneboer (1999), Politik Bahasa Kolonial Di Asia, Wacana, v. 1, no 2.

Khasnor Johan (1983), “ Perkhidmatan Tadbir Melayu : Tradisi Dan Peranan Dalam Konteks Kerajaan Penjajah “, dalam Malaysia : Sejarah Dan Proses Pembangunan, Kuala Lumpur : Persatuan Sejarah Malaysia.

Kuntowijoyo (2004), Islam Sebagai Ilmu: Epistemology, Metodologi Dan Etika, Jakarta: Teraju Mizan.

Lukmanul Hakim Darusman (2008). Jihad In Two Faces Of Shariah : Sufism And Islamic Jurisprudence (Fiqh) And The Revival Of Islamic Movements In The Malay World. Tesis Ph.D yang tidak diterbitkan, The Australian National University.

Louay Safi (1998), Asas-Asas Ilmu Pengetahuan : Satu Kajian Perbandingan Kaedah-Kaedah Penyelidikan Islam Dan Barat, terj. Nur Hadi Ihsan, Kuala lumpur.

M.B. Hooker (1983), “ The Translation Of Islam Into South-East Asia “, dalam Islam In South-East Asia, Leiden.

Maryam Jameelah (1971), Islam And Orientalism, Lahore.

Mastuhu (1998), “ Penelitian Agama Islam : Perspektif Antar Disiplin Ilmu : Tinjauan Disiplin Sosiologi ‘, Dalam Tradisi Baru Penelitian Agama Islam : Tinjauan Antar-Disiplin Ilmu, Bandung : Penerbit Nuansa.

Mohd FarhanAbd Rahman (2012), “ Pandangan Orientalis Terhadap Masyarakat Islam Di Tanah Melayu: Analisa Terhadap Karya Pilihan R.O. Winstedt”, dalam Jurnal Fiqh, 2012.

Mohd Zariat Abdul Rani (2005), Antara Islam Dan Hinduisme Di Alam Melayu : Beberapa Catatan Pengkaji Barat, SARI, v. 23.

Mohd Zariat Abdul Rani (2005), Antara Islam Dan Hinduisme Di Alam Melayu : Beberapa Catatan Pengkaji Barat, SARI, v. 23.

Maurice Mandelbaum (1986), “ Historism “, dalam The Encyclopedia Of Philosophy, v. .

Mohd Azhar Abd Hamid (2001), Pengenalan Pemikiran Kritis Dan Kreatif, Skudai: Penerbit Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

Mohd Hazim Shah Abdul Murad (2005), “ Epistemology Colonial : Satu Analisis Cirri Dan Kesannya “, Dalam (Edit) Mohamad Daud Mohamad, Pascakolonialisme Dalam Pemikiran Melayu, DBP : Kuala Lumpur.

Mohd Hazim Shah (2007), Historicizing Rationality : The Transmission Of Rationality And Science To The Malay States Under British Rule, dalam Asian Journal Of Social Science, 35.

Mohd Kamal Hassan (1996), “ Pembentukan Ilmu Kemasyarakatan Dari Perspektif Islam “, dalam Sains Sosial Dari Perspektif Islam, Kuala Lumpur : DBP.

Mohd Natsir Mahmud (1997), Orientalisme : Al-Quran Di Mata Barat ( Sebuah Studi Evaluatif), Semarang.

Mohamad Saleeh Rahamad (2007), Oksidentalisme Dalam Persuratan : Juzuk Penting Dalam Kajian Pascakolonial, Pemikir.

Mohammad Saleeh Rahamad (2009), Pengaruh Barat Dalam Persuratan Awal Di Malaysia, Jurnal Pengajian Media Malaysia, v. 11, no.1.

Mohammad Kamil Abdul Majid (2008), Pusat Kajian Orientalism: Analisis Terhadap Sikap Umat Islam , dibentang dalam International Seminar On Research In Islamic Studies, Anjuran APIUM pada 17-18 Disember 2008

Muhammad Ikhlas Rosele, Rahimin Affandi Abd Rahim & Mohd Anuar Ramli (2015). Islamisasi Awal di Pahang: Satu Tinjauan Teori. Jurnal Kemanusiaan, 24(1).

Muhammad Syukri Salleh (2009), “Melayu-Islam Dan Sumber Kekuatan Yang Diabaikan”, dalam Kalthum Ibrahim(ed.), Dunia Melayu Dan Islam : Satu Wacana. Bangi: Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.

Norman Daniel (1966), Islam, Europe And Empire, Edinburgh.

Rahimin Affandi Abdul Rahim, Nor Adina Abdul Kadir ( 2012). Gerakan Feminisme Liberalism Di Malaysia : Analisis Kritikal, dalam prosiding World Congress On Islamic Systems 1- 5 December 2012. Kota Bharu, Kelantan.

Rahimin Affandi Abd Rahim (2010), “Pemodenan Dan Kesejahteraan Manusia Dari Perspektif Orientalism”, dalam Seminar Serantau Islam dan Kesejahteraan Sejagat, Fakulti Usuluddin, UNISSA, Brunei, pada 24-25 Februari 2010

Rahimin Affandi Abdul Rahim (1999), Islamic legal reform in the administration of Islamic law in Malaysia : A critical analysis, tesis Ph.D untuk University of Birmingham.

Rahimin Affandi Abdul Rahim (1995), “ Budaya Taqlid Di Dalam Masyarakat Melayu : Suatu Tinjauan Ringkas “, dalam Jurnal Syariah, v. 3, bil. 1.

Rahimin Affandi Abd Rahim (2007), “Etika Kepimpinan Islam Dan Isu Pembangunan Di Malaysia : Satu Analisis “, dalam Prosiding Seminar Kepimpinan Islam Peringkat Antarabangsa, anjuran APIUM, pada 10-11 Julai 2007.

Rahimin Affandi Abd. Rahim (2005), “ Citra Islam Dalam Pembentukan Manusia Melayu Moden Di Malaysia : Suatu Analisa”, Jurnal Pengajian Melayu, v. 15.

R.O. Winstedt (1934), “ A History of Perak “, dalam JMBRAS, 12 (1).

R.W. Southern (1962), Western Views Of Islam In The Middle Ages, Harvard.

Samuel Wee Tien Wang (1991), British Strategic Interests In The Straits Of Malacca 1786-1819, Tesis Sarjana Untuk Simon Fraser University.

Shaharuddin Maaruf (1993), Konsep Wira Dalam Masyarakat Melayu, Singapura : Pustaka Antara.

Shamsul Amri Baharuddin (2004), “Oksidentalisme: Pengertian Dan Hala Tuju”, Dalam Jurnal Pemikir.

Shamsul Amri Baharuddin (1983), “ Perancangan Pembangunan Negara Selepas Merdeka 1957-1975 : Tinjauan Sejarah Perkembangan Sosio-Ekonomi Malaysia”, Dalam Malaysia : Sejarah Dan Proses Pembangunan, Kuala Lumpur.

Shukri Ahmad (1998), “ Agama Dan Masyarakat “, Dalam Pengenalan Kepada Sains Sosial, Kuala Lumpur.

Sivachandralingam Sundara Raja (2015), The Early British Administrators In The Malay States, 1874-1909, Jurnal Sejarah, v. 23, no 1.

Syamsuddin Arif (2008), Orientalis Dan Dianolisme Pemikiran, Jakarta : Gema Insan.

Syed Muhammad Dawilah al-Edrus (1999), Epistemologi Islam; Teori Ilmu Dalam Al-Quran, Kuala Lumpur.

Syed Muhammad Naquidd Al-Attas (1979), Aim And Objective of Islamic Education, Jeddah: University Of King, h.1; Abdul Aziz(2003), Islam And Secularism. Kuala Lumpur: ISTAC.

Syed Muhammad Naquidd Al-Attas (1980), The Concept Of Education In Islam: A Framework For An Philosophy Of Education. Kuala Lumpur: Angkatan Belia Islam Malaysia.

Syed Muhammad Naquidd Al-Attas (2003), Islam And Secularism, hh. 162-163; Ismail Faruqi (1995), Islamization Of Knowledge, Herndon: IIIT.

Syed Muhd Khairudin Al-Junied (2003), From Noble Muslims To Saracen Enemies : Thomas Stamford Raffles's Discourse On Islam In The Malay World, SARI.

Sudibyo (2007), Kembali Ke Filologi : Filologi Indonesia Dan Tradisi Orientalisme, Humaniora, v. 19.

T.S. Raffles (1930), Memoir of the life and public services of Sir Stamford Raffles, London, v. 1.

Ummu Atiyah Ahmad Zakuan (2007), Hak Asasi Manusia Dan Demokrasi Dari Persepktif Islam Dan Barat, Dalam Mohd Izani Mohd Zain (ed.), Demokrasi Dan Dunia Islam : Perspektif Teori Dan Praktik, Kuala Lumpur : Penerbit UM.

Wang Gungwu (1970), Scholarship and the history and politics of Southeast Asia, Flinders University of South Australia.

W. A. Graham (1908), Kelantan : A State Of The Malay, Glasgow, h. 38; A. Rentse (1934), History Of Kelantan 1, JMBRAS, XII, pt. 2, 1934.

William J. Goode and Paul K. Hatt (1952), Methods In Social Research.

W. L. Richmond (1928), The Modern Malay, London.

W.M. Watt (1954_, “ Economic And Social Aspects Of The Origin Of Islam “, dalam The Islamic Quarterly, v. 1, no. 1.

Zainal Abidin ( 2003), Sosiosophologi: Sosiologi Islam Berbasis Hikmah. Bandung: Penerbit Pustaka Setia.

Zainal Kling (1994), Antropologi tafsiran : sumbangan kebudayaan Melayu kepada teori, Syarahan perdana untuk pengukuhan profesor, Kuala Lumpur.

Zawiah Yahya (1994), Resisting Colonialist Discourse, Penerbit UKM.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18592/al-banjari.v16i1.975

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Al-Banjari : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Keislaman

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed by:

Creative Commons License
Al-Banjari : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Keislaman (p-ISSN: 1412-9507 / e-ISSN: 2527-6778) by http://jurnal.iain-antasari.ac.id/index.php/al-banjari/index is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License